How are human capital investments allocated between women and men? What are the returns to investments in women's nutrition, health care, education, mobility and training? Presenting 13 empirical analyses, this text explores the nature of human capital distributions to women and their effect on outcomes within the family. The first section considers the experiences of high-income countries, examining topics such as: the limitations of industrialization for the advancement of women; returns to secondary education for women; and state control of women's education and labour-market productivity through the design of tax systems and the public subsidy of children.
The remaining four sections investigate health, education, household structure and labour markets, and measurement issues in low-income countries, discussing issues such as: the effect of technological change on transfers of wealth to and from children in India; women's and men's responses to the costs of medical care in Kenya; the effects of birth order and sex on educational attainment in Taiwan; wage returns to schooling in Indonesia and in Cote d'Ivoire; and the increasing prevalence of female-headed households and the correlates of gender differences in wages in Brazil.
Introduction by T. Paul Schultz I: Overview and Experience of High-Income Countries 1: Investments in the Schooling and Health of Women and Men: Quantities and Returns T. Paul Schultz 2: Obstacles to Advancement of Women during Development Ester Boserup 3: The U-Shaped Female Labor Force Function in Economic Development and Economic History Claudia Goldin 4: Public Policies and Women's Labor Force Participation: A Comparison of Sweden, West Germany and the Netherlands Siv Gustafsson II: Labor Markets, Uncertainty, and Family Behavior 5: Women, Insurance Capital, and Economic Development in Rural India Mark R. Rosenzweig 6: Information, Learning, and Wage Rates in Low-Income Rural Areas Andrew D. Foster, Mark R. Rosenzweig. III: Health 7: Gender and Life-Cycle Differentials in the Patterns and Determinants of Adult Health John Strauss, Paul J. Gertler, Omar Rahman, Kristin Fox. 8: Quality of Medical Care and Choice of Medical Treatment in Kenya: An Empirical Analysis Germano Mwabu, Martha Ainsworth, Andrew Nyamete. IV: Education 9: Daughters, Education, and Family Budgets: Taiwan Experiences William L. Parish, Robert J. Willis. 10: Gender Differences in the Returns to Schooling and in School Enrollment Rates in Indonesia Anil B. Deolalikar 11: Educational Investments and Returns for Women and Men in Cote d'Ivoire Wim P. M. Vijverberg V: Household Structure and Labor Markets in Brazil 12: Poverty among Female-Headed Households in Brazil Ricardo Barros, Louise Fox, Rosane Mendonca. 13: Gender Differences in Brazilian Labor Markets Ricardo Barros, Lauro Ramos, Eleonora Santos. References Index