The issue of population ageing in East-Asia has been extensively studied but we remain in the dark as to the fate of the region's growing dead population, particularly in the largest metropolitan areas where there is bitter competition for space among the various human activities. From private cemetery developers to undertakers, not to mention a vast array of sub-contractors, death is discreetly helping a multitude of industry players to prosper. The result has been the transformation of funeral services into a fully-fledged industry that is rapidly expanding and adapting to the needs of urban societies with their extreme lack of space. In the specific context of East-Asian megacities, funeral rituals and practices are evolving rapidly in an attempt to conform to spatial constraints and address emerging challenges such as urban sustainability and growing social inequalities. Research dealing with death in East-Asia has so far focused on symbolic and religious issues, ignoring the social, economic and spatial dimensions that have become crucial in a context of rapid urbanization.
This book aims to remedy this situation while highlighting for the first time the shared characteristics of funerary issues across Japan, Korea and China.
Natacha Aveline-Dubach is research director at the CNRS, specializing in urban land issues and currently posted to the French Research on Contemporary China in Hong Kong. She graduated from INALCO in Japanese studies, received a PhD in urban sciences from EHESS (which was awarded the Shibusawa-Claudel Prize) and the Habilitation from Lyon 2 University in 2005. From 2006 to 2010, she served as director of the Northeast Asia CNRS regional office in Tokyo. She has extensively published on Japanese urban land issues.
Introduction, Natacha Aveline-Dubach Chapter 1: Creative Destruction-The Shattering of the Family Grave System in Japan, Natacha Aveline-Dubach Chapter 2: The Experience of Death in Japan's Urban Societies, Katsumi Shimane Chapter 3: Emerging Burial Spaces and Rituals in Urban Japan, Fabienne Duteil-Ogata Chapter 4: The Revival of the Funeral Industry in Shanghai: A Model for China, Natacha Aveline-Dubach Chapter 5: Dealing with the Dead: Funerary Rites in Contemporary Shanghai, Maylis Bellocq Chapter 6: Traditional Funerary Rites Facing Urban Explosion in Guangzhou, Yukihiro Kawaguchi Chapter 7: Cremation's Success in Korea: Old Beliefs and Renewed Social Distinctions, Elise Prebin Chapter 8: Funerary Sites in Seoul: A History Marked by Colonial Experience, Ryohei Takamura Chapter 9: Overview of Korea's Funeral Industry, Shi-Dug Kim Conclusion