An enduring epicenter of conflict and instability in the Middle East, Iraq has not only experienced domestic upheavals, but also generated threats to international peace and security for more than 25 years. Is an end to the violence, and the establishment of an enduring peace within a unified state, a realistic goal? How can it be achieved, and what may stand in its way? Addressing these questions - and arguing that a downward spiral of violence and possible state collapse can be avoided - the authors of ""Iraq: Preventing a New Generation of Conflict"" consider the sources of conflict in the country and outline the requirements for a successful peacebuilding enterprise.
David M. Malone returned to the Canadian Foreign Service after serving for six years as president of the International Peace Academy (IPA) and is now Canada's high commissioner to India and nonresident ambassador to Nepal and Bhutan. Ben Rowswell, Canada's diplomatic representative in Iraq in 2003-2005, continues to serve in the Canadian Foreign Service and is also senior associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC. Markus E. Bouillon is head of the IPA's Middle East Program.
Looking Back: State Fragility and a Generation of Conflict - the Editors. Iraq in Turmoil. State Collapse and the Rise of Identity Politics - T. Dodge. Iraq's Identity Crisis - P. Marr. Three Wars Later...Iraqi Living Conditions - J. Pedersen. Islamism, Nationalism, and Sectarianism - A.S. Sidahmed. Sunni Factions and the ""Political Process"" - R. Meijer. Shi'a Militias in Iraqi Politics - J. Cole. Kirkuk as a Peacebuilding Test Case - J.R. Hiltermann. Toward a Stable Peace. Forging an Inclusive and Enduring Social Contract - N. Haysom. Making Federalism Work - D. Cameron. Liberal Consociation and Conflict Management J. McGarry. Federalizing Natural Resources - B. O'Leary. US Policy and Diplomacy - J. Dobbins. Iraq's Arab Neighbors - J.B. Alterman. Securing Iraq: The Mismatch of Demand and Supply - N Bensahel. The Protection of Civilians - P. Gassmann. Dilemmas of Donor Assistance - M. Bell. Strategic Coordination of International Engagement - B.D. Jones. Conclusion. Looking Ahead: Preventing a New Generation of Conflict - the Editors.