How and to what extent have Islamic legal scholars and Middle Eastern lawmakers, as well as Middle Eastern Muslim physicians and patients, grappled with the complex bioethical, legal, and social issues that are raised in the process of attempting to conceive life in the face of infertility? This path-breaking volume explores the influence of Islamic attitudes on Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ARTs) and reveals the variations in both the Islamic jurisprudence and the cultural responses to ARTs.
Marcia C. Inhorn is the William K. Lanman, Jr. Professor of Anthropology and International Affairs in the Department of Anthropology, and The Whitney and Betty MacMillan Center for International and Area Studies at Yale University. Soraya Tremayne is the Founding Director of The Fertility and Reproduction Studies Group, and a Research Associate at the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Oxford.
Acknowledgments Glossary of Arabic, Farsi and Turkish Terms Introduction: Islam and Assisted Reproductive Technologies Soraya Tremayne and Marcia C. Inhorn Part I: Islamic Legal Thought and ARTs: Marriage, Morality, and Clinical Conundrums Introduction Frank Griffel Chapter 1. Constructing Kinship in Sunni Islamic Legal Texts Thomas Eich Chapter 2. Islamic Jurisprudence (Fiqh) and Assisted Reproduction: Establishing Limits to Avoid Social Disorders Sandra Houot Chapter 3. Controversies in Islamic Evaluation of Assisted Reproductive Technologies Farouk Mahmoud Part II. From Sperm Donation to Stem Cells: The Iranian ART Revolution Introduction Narges Erami Chapter 4. More than Fatwas: Ethical Decision Making in Iranian Fertility Clinics Robert Tappan Chapter 5. The "Down Side" of Gamete Donation: Challenging "Happy Family" Rhetoric in Iran Soraya Tremayne Chapter 6. Gestational Surrogacy in Iran: Uterine Kinship in Shia Thought and Practice Shirin Garmaroudi Chapter 7. Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Iran: The Significance of the Islamic Context Mansooreh Saniei Part III. Islamic Biopolitics and the "Modern" Nation-state: Comparative Case Studies of ART Introduction Sean Brotherton Chapter 8. Third-Party Reproductive Assistance around the Mediterranean: Comparing Sunni Egypt, Catholic Italy, and Multisectarian Lebanon Marcia C. Inhorn, Pasquale Patrizio and Gamal I. Serour Chapter 9. Islamic Bioethics and Religious Politics in Lebanon: On Hizbullah and ARTs Morgan Clarke Chapter 10. Assisted Reproduction in Secular Turkey:Regulation, Rhetoric, and the Role of Religion Zeynep Gurtin-Broadbent Notes on Contributors Bibliography Index