Islam and the Abode of War: Military Slaves and Islamic Adversaries (Variorum Collected Studies CS 456)

Islam and the Abode of War: Military Slaves and Islamic Adversaries (Variorum Collected Studies CS 456)

By: David Ayalon (author)Hardback

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This fourth selection of studies by David Ayalon takes up the theme of the preceding volume, that of the opposition between the Abode of Islam and the external world, the Abode of War. Similarly, a number of the articles are concerned with the impact of outsiders, moving into the world of Islam, but others focus on aspects of the conflict between the two worlds, for instance raising the question of why it was only on the Nubian frontier that the early Arab advance was halted. The majority of the studies however concentrate on the Mamluk institution, especially in Mamluk Egypt, and carry forward the author's argument of the decisiveness of the slave institution in Muslim society, particularly this socio-military component which played such a critical role in both the expansion and the defense of Islam. Cette quatrieme selection d'etudes de David Ayalon reprend le theme du volume precedent: celui de l'opposition entre le monde de l'Islam et le monde exterieur, ou monde dela guerre. De faA on analogue, un certain nombre d'articles s'attachent A l'impact des etrangers s'installant dans le monde l'Islam, alors que d'autres se concentrant sur differents aspects du conflit entre les deux mondes, soulevant, par exemple, la question quant A la raison pour laquelle la premiere avance arabe fut uniquement arrA*tee A la frontiere nubienne. La plupart des etudes cependant, se concentrent sur l'institution mamelouke, plus specifiquement en Egypte mamelouke. Elles poursuivent l'argument de l'auteur quant au caractere decisif de l'institution de l'esclavage dans la societe musulmane, plus particulierement en ce qui concerne l'element socio-militaire qui jouA t un rA'le primordial dans l'expansion et la defense de l'Islam.

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About Author

David Ayalon, formerly Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel


Contents: Preface; The military reforms of caliph al-Mu'tasim: their background and consequences; Mamluk: military slavery in Egypt and Syria; From Ayyubids to Mamluks; Bahri Mamluks, Burji Mamluks: inadequate names for the two reigns of the Mamluk sultanate; The Mamluk novice: on his youthfulness and on his original religion; Mamluk military aristocracy: a non-hereditary nobility; The auxiliary forces of the Mamluk sultanate; Some remarks on the economic decline of the Mamluk sultanate; The end of the Mamluk sultanate: why did the Ottomans spare the Mamluks of Egypt and wipe out the Mamluks of Syria?; Mamluk military aristocracy during the first years of the Ottoman occupation of Egypt; On the term khadim in the sense of 'eunuch' in the early Muslim sources; The Nubian dam; Islam versus Christian Europe: the case of the Holy Land; The impact of firearms on the Muslim world; Index.

Product Details

  • publication date: 29/09/1994
  • ISBN13: 9780860784302
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 312
  • ID: 9780860784302
  • weight: 552
  • ISBN10: 0860784304

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