Foreword; Acknowledgments; List of Tables and Figures; INTRODUCTION; CHAPTER ONE; 1. Literature Review; 2. The Research Question; 3. Epistemological Consideration; 4. Methodological Consideration; CHAPTER TWO; 1. Context; 2. Siar or Classical Muslim International Law; CHAPTER THREE; 1. The Classical Muslim Paradigm; 2. New Epistemological and Methodological Approaches; 3. Contemporary Critics of the Doctrine of Jihad; CHAPTER FOUR; 1. Military Revolutions before the Twentieth Century; 2. Nuclear Weapons; 3. The Dilemma of Rationality in Classical Jihad; CHAPTER FIVE; 1. The Evolution of the Discourse on War; 2. The Change in Attitudes toward War after World War II; 3. Evolution of the Use of Force in Modern International Law; 4. Normative Integration of Muslim States; 5. Normative Contexts of Jihad: A Comparison; CONCLUSION; CHRONOLOGY OF THE MUSLIM WORLD UP TO 1924; BIBLIOGRAPHY; INDEX.