Indonesia is home to the largest Muslim community in the world. Much of the media attention given to manifestations of radical Islam in Indonesia after 9/11 and the Bali bombings of October 2002 have been limited to current affairs. This book provides a broader perspective about contemporary Islam in Indonesia through discussing two outstanding streams of thought and movements -- Islamic modernism and radical Islamic fundamentalism. These two multifaceted phenomena clearly illustrate the significant contemporary influence of the Middle East on the Indonesia archipelago, in an Islamic context. Thus the focus is twofold: the local context, and the impact of the Middle East on Islam in Indonesia. These two perspectives allow a comparative and cross-regional view which, combined with the broader historical narrative, provides insights into possible future trends.
The author explains the importance of the reformist motivation; religious and social & political dimensions; ideology, perceptions, and interaction in the context of the transmission and dissemination of Islamic ideas; and the current and potential appeal of the war cry of Jihad in opposition to the unique bulwarks against it as suggested by the local Indonesian context. These topics make this book essential reading to understanding the current and future comprehensive challenges posed by radical Islam in the Indonesian archipelago.
Dr Giora Eliraz wrote this book during his tenure at the Australian National University in Canberra, as Visiting Fellow. He is a Research Fellow at the Harry S Truman Institute for the Advancement of Peace at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel: a lecturer in the program for Contemporary Middle East studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; a Research Fellow at the International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism, Herzliya; and is on the Board of Trustees of the Strategic Dialogue Center at Netanya College.
Contents: Preface; Acknowledgments; The Islamic Modernist Movement in the Malay- Indonesian World: A Comparative Look at Egypt; Muhammad Abduh's Heritage; The Challenge of the Islamic Modernist Movement in the Malay-Indonesian World -- The Reformist Motivation; The Religious Dimension; The Educational Dimension; The Social and Political Dimension; Challenging the Traditional World; A Comparative Look at Egypt; Historical Role and Impacts; Islamic Modernism in the Malay-Indonesian World: Suggested Explanations; Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia: Global and Local Contexts; Radical Islamic Fundamentalism -- Ideology and Perception; Transmission of Ideas and Ideological Interaction; The Social and Political Dimension; The Historical Perspective -- Dissemination of Islamic Ideas to Indonesia; The War Cry of Jihad in Indonesia; Summary and Reflections; Radical Islamic Fundamentalism in Indonesia: The Distinctiveness of the Indonesian Context: Marginal or Significant?; The Indonesian Context through the Fundamentalist Prism; The Indonesian Islamic Context: Summary and Reflections; Notes; Bibliography; Index