In the enormous literature on the Muslim world, one of the few gaps in our knowledge is the status of Islam in inter-war Europe, an imbalance this book aims to address. The Muslim population of Europe in the period from 1918-1939 was not one of isolated islands of belief and practice. Rather, there was far more interaction between Muslim communities than had hitherto been imagined. For example, there was much correspondence and exchange of ideas between the Ahmadi-Lahori missions of Berlin and Woking, near London, and Albanian religious leaders. Other topics discussed in this book include the earlier than imagined emergence of notions of a distinctly 'European' Islam, the fraught interplay of politics and Islam, especially the development by some governments of Muslim 'agendas', the richness and importance of debates within Europe's Muslim community, the attempts by the Nazis to foment 'jihad' and the modus operandi of trans-national networks.
A specialist on Albanian Islam, nathalie clayer is a Senior Researcher at the Centre for Turkish Studies at EHESS in Paris; eric GerMain is a researcher at the Institut d Etudes de l Islam et des Societes du Monde Musulman (IISMM).
Introduction; i: Muslim networks in christian lands; Making Transnational Connections: Muslim networks in early Twentieth-century Britain - Humayun Ansari; Between National and Religious Solidarities: the Tatars in Germany and Poland in the Inter-War Period - Sebastian Cwiklinski; The first Muslim Missions on a European Scale: Ahmadi-Lahori Networks in the Inter-War Period - Eric Germain; ii: towards the building of a 'european islam' behind the Veil; The Reform of Islam in Inter-War Albania or the Search for a 'Modern and 'European' Islam - Nathalie Clayer; Shakib Arslan's Imagining of Europe: The Colonizer, the Inquisitor, the Islamic, the Virtuous, and the Friend - Raja Adal; European Neo-Sufi Movements in the Inter-war Period - Marc Sedgwick; iii: from State control to foreign Policy; Islam in the Service of Social Control: Arab Seamen in Britain - Richard Lawless; The Reform of Shari'a Courts and Islamic Law in Bosnia and Herzegovina. 1918-1941 - Fikret Karcic; Euro-Islam by 'jihad Made in Germany - Wolfgang Schwanitz; iV: Minorities between acculturation and identity claim; Farewell to the Ottoman Legacy? Islamic Reformism and Revivalism in Inter-war Bosnia-Herzegovina - Xavier Bougarel; The Muslim Minority in Macedonia and its Educational Institutions during the Inter-War Period - Muhammed Aruci; The Episode of the Turkish Spelling Mistakes in Greek Thrace, 1929- Yannis Bonos