When the Turkish republic was founded in 1923, secularism was adopted as one of the key principles of the new state, and religious expression was brought under strict government supervision. Republican ideology and its associated institutions came to dominate much of everyday life. Only after 1950, when the centre-right Democrat party was elected, did this repressive attitude to religion cease. The growth in popular religious sentiment became particularly evident in the 1980s with the proliferation of religious newspapers and literature. Relatively little has been written about this steady resurgence of Islam in Turkey. The essays in this book, written by specialists from a variety of disciplines, look at the role of Islam in daily life. They also raise the question of the extent to which Turkey may still be said to be unique case in the Islamic world.
Part 1 Islam and nationalism as political ideologies: religion and political culture in Turkey, Ilter Turan; religion, education and continuity in a provincial town, Richard Tapper and Nancy Tapper; mosque or health centre? - a dispute in a Gecekondu, Akile Gursoy-Tezcan; ethnic islam and nationalism among the Kurds in Turkey, Lale Yalcin-Heckmann; the Naksibendi Order in Turkish history, Serif Mardin. Part 2 Turkish Muslim intellectuals and the production of Islamic knowledge: Islamic education in Turkey - Medrese reform in late Ottoman times and Imam-Hatip schools in the republic, Bahattin Aksit; Muslim identity in children's picture books, Ayse Saktanber; the new Muslim intellectuals in the republic of Turkey, Michael E. Meeker. Part 3 Islamic literature and literacy in contemporary Turkey: traditional Sufi Orders on the periphery - Kadiri and Naksibendi Islam in Konya and Trabzon, Sencer Ayata; pluralism versus authoritarianism - political ideas in two Islamic publications, Ayse Gunes-Ayata; women in the ideology of Islamic revivalism in Turkey - three Islamic women's journals, Feride Acar.