This volume of Princeton Readings in Religions brings together the work of more than thirty scholars of Islam and Muslim societies in South Asia to create a rich anthology of primary texts that contributes to a new appreciation of the lived religious and cultural experiences of the world's largest population of Muslims. The thirty-four selections--translated from Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Bengali, Tamil, Gujarati, Hindavi, Dakhani, and other languages--highlight a wide variety of genres, many rarely found in standard accounts of Islamic practice, from oral narratives to elite guidance manuals, from devotional songs to secular judicial decisions arbitrating Islamic law, and from political posters to a discussion among college women affiliated with an "Islamist" organization. Drawn from premodern texts, modern pamphlets, government and organizational archives, new media, and contemporary fieldwork, the selections reflect the rich diversity of Islamic belief and practice in South Asia. Each reading is introduced with a brief contextual note from its scholar-translator, and Barbara Metcalf introduces the whole volume with a substantial historical overview.
Barbara D. Metcalf is president-elect of the American Historical Association. She is professor emeritus of history at the University of California, Davis, and most recently has taught at the University of Michigan. She is the author of "Islamic Revival in British India" and the coauthor of "A Concise History of Modern India".
Princeton Readings in Religions v Note on Translation, Transliteration, and Acknowledgments vii List of Illustrations xiii Contributors xv Preface: Islam in South Asia in Practice by Barbara D. Metcalf xvii Maps xxvi Introduction: A Historical Overview of Islam in South Asia by Barbara D. Metcalf 1 Devotion and Praise: To Allah, Muhammad, Imams, and Elders Introduction by Barbara D. Metcalf 43 Chapter 1: Satpanthi Ismaili Songs to Hazrat Ali and the Imams by Ali S. Asani 48 Chapter 2: The Soul's Quest in Malik Muhammad Jayasi's Hindavi Romance by Aditya Behl 63 Chapter 3: Pilgrimage to the Shrines in Ajmer by Catherine B. Asher 77 Chapter 4: Women's Grinding and Spinning Songs of Devotion in the Late Medieval Deccan by Richard Eaton 87 Chapter 5: Qawwali Songs of Praise by Syed Akbar Hyder and Carla Petievich 93 Chapter 6: Na't: Media Contexts and Transnational Dimensions of a Devotional Practice by Patrick Eisenlohr 101 Chapter 7: Shi'i Mourning in Muhurram: Nauha Laments for Children Killed at Karbala by Syed Akbar Hyder and Carla Petievich 113 Chapter 8: Islam and the Devotional Image in Pakistan by Jamal J. Elias 120 Holy and Exemplary Lives Introduction by Barbara D. Metcalf 135 Chapter 9: Ibn Battuta Meets Shah Jalal al-Din Tabrizi in Bengal by Barbara D. Metcalf 138 Chapter 10: Narratives of the Life of Haider Shaykh in Punjab by Anna Bigelow 144 Chapter 11: The Daily Life of a Saint, Ahmad Sirhindi, by Badr al-Din Sirhindi by Carl Ernst 158 Chapter 12: Sufi Ritual Practice among the Barkatiyya Sayyids of U.P.: Nuri Miyan's Life and'Urs, Late Nineteenth-Early Twentieth Centuries by Usha Sanyal 166 Chapter 13: Transgressions of a Holy Fool: A Majzub in Colonial India by Nile Green 173 The Transmission of Learning Introduction by Barbara D. Metcalf 187 Chapter 14: Saving Tamil Muslims from the Torments of Hell: Vannapparimalappulavar's Book of One Thousand Questions by Ronit Ricci 190 Chapter 15: The Taqwiyyat al-Iman (Support of the Faith) by Shah Isma'il Shahid by Barbara D. Metcalf 201 Chapter 16: The Brilliance of Hearts: Hajji Imdadullah Teaches Meditation and Ritual by Scott Kugle 212 Chapter 17: Studying Hadith in a Madrasa in the Early Twentieth Century by Muhammad Qasim Zaman 225 Chapter 18: Jihad in the Way of God: A Tablighi Jama'at Account of a Mission in India by Barbara D. Metcalf 240 Chapter 19: A College Girl Gives a Qur'an Lesson in Bangladesh by Maimuna Huq 250 Guidance, Sharia, and Law Introduction by Barbara D. Metcalf 265 Chapter 20: Ibn Battuta as a Qadi in the Maldives by Barbara D. Metcalf 271 Chapter 21: Guiding the Ruler and Prince by Muzaffar Alam 279 Chapter 22: A Colonial Court Defines a Muslim by Alan M. Guenther 293 Chapter 23: Maulana Thanawi's Fatwa on the Limits of Parental Rights over Children by Fareeha Khan 305 Chapter 24: Shari'at Governance in Colonial and Postcolonial India by Ebrahim Moosa 317 Chapter 25: Two Sufis on Molding the New Muslim Woman: Khwaja Hasan Nizami (1878-1955) and Hazrat Inayat Khan (1882-1927) by Marcia Hermansen 326 Chapter 26: Fatwa Advice on Proper Muslim Names by Muhammad Khalid Masud 339 Chapter 27: A Rallying Cry for Muslim Personal Law: The Shah Bano Case and Its Aftermath by Sylvia Vatuk 352 Belonging Introduction by Barbara D. Metcalf 371 Chapter 28: Forest Clearing and the Growth of Islam in Bengal by Richard Eaton 375 Chapter 29: Challenging the Mughal Emperor: The Islamic Millennium according to'Abd al-Qadir Badayuni by Ahmed Azfar Moin 390 Chapter 30: Custom and Conversion in Malabar: Zayn al-Din al-Malibari's Gift of the Mujahidin: Some Accounts of the Portuguese by Engseng Ho 403 Chapter 31: Muslim League Appeals to the Voters of Punjab for Support of Pakistan by David Gilmartin 409 Chapter 32: Advocating a Secular Pakistan: The Munir Report of 1954 by Asad Ahmed 424 Chapter 33: Maulana Yusuf Ludhianvi on the Limits of Legitimate Religious Differences by Naveeda Khan 438 Chapter 34: The Indian Jama'at-i Islami Reconsiders Secular Democracy by Irfan Ahmad 447 Glossary 457 Index 461