Much has been written about the attitude of Islam to family planning and population control. In the past much of this writing took as its starting-point the observation that Muslim countries, and Muslim minorities in non-Muslim countries, tended to have high fertility. It was only a small step from this to the argument that high Muslim fertility was immutable, arising inevitably from elements in Islamic belief and family and social structure. More recently, fertility in many Islamic populations has fallen sharply, giving the lie to the "Islamic fertility" argument. But many unanswered questions remain. Under what circumstances do Muslim populations experience sharp fertility declines? Are there elements of Islamic belief that require a different approach to understanding relative fertility trends and reproductive behaviour in Islamic and in non-Islamic populations? The work examines some of these issues in the six largest Muslim-majority countries: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran, Turkey and Egypt.
Scholars from these countries examine fertility trends and their causes, development of official population policies, attitudes of Islamic leaders and scholars to reproductive health issues, and the role of Islamic political parties and opposition groups. It becomes clear that Islam remains relevant to population and reproductive health issues, but that its influence is complex and greatly influenced by the social and political context.
Gavin Jones, Professor of Demography at the Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, is an expert on the population of Southeast Asia; Mehtab Karim, of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, has written widely on population
Contents: I. Muslim populations, Islamic Teachings, and Reproductive Health Islam, Population Policy and Fertility: What are the Issues? (Gavin Jones and Mehtab Karim) - Socio-Economic and Demographic Setting of Muslim Countries (Mohammad Jalal Abbasi and Gavin Jones) - Islamic Teachings on Marriage, Lactation, Contraception and Abortion (Mehtab Karim) - Reproductive Health Trends in Islamic Countries (Terence H. Hull) II. Islam, the State, and Population and Reproductive Health Policies Muslim Society and Population Policy in Indonesia (Akhmad Rifa'i and Agus Dwiyanto) - State, Islam and the Formation of Reproductive Health Policies in Turkey (Ferruh Solak and Attila Hancioglu) - Ideological Basis of Fertility Changes in Post-Revolutionary Iran: Shiite Teachings vs. Pragmatic Considerations (Amir H. Mehryar) - Islamic Teachers and Reproductive Health Issues in Madura (Abdul Halim Subahar and Faturochman) III. Fertility Transitions Population Policy, Cultural Dynamics, Development and Fertility Decline in Egypt (Hoda Rashad and Eltigani E. Eltigani) - The Rise and Fall of Fertility in Post-Revolutionary Iran (Mohammad Jalal Abbasi) - Fertility Decline in Bangladesh: Role of Family Planning Program and Socio-economic Changes (Barkat-e-Khuda) - Fertility Trends and Their Determinants in Pakistan (Abdul Hakim).
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- ID: 9781850654933
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