A comprehensive guide to mitigating risk and fostering growth in the Islamic financial sector Islamic finance, like conventional finance is a business of financial intermediation. Its distinctive features relate to the requirement that it abides by Shari'a rules that promote fairness of contracts and prevention of exploitation, sharing of risks and rewards, prohibition of interests, and tangible economic purpose. Islamic finance should not fund activities considered haram or sinful. In Islamic Finance and Economic Development: Risk, Regulation, and Corporate Governance, authors Amr Mohamed El Tiby and Wafik M. Grais expound how these distinctive features bear on the opportunities and challenges facing the Islamic finance industry s development, risk management, regulation and corporate governance. An experienced banker with various Middle East banking institutions, notably as former Vice President at UAE Union National Bank and Mashreq bank, Dr. El Tiby offers an informed perspective on corporate finance from within the Islamic finance industry.
With a long experience in international development and finance, notably as former Director at the World Bank and Founder and Chairman of a Cairo-based Financial Advisors company, Dr. Grais brings global financial experience on the topics of financial systems assessments, corporate governance, Islamic finance, and public policy. * Covers the history and basics of Islamic finance, and provides insight into current conditions and future landscape * Explores regulatory framework, including opportunities and challenges for the industry s development and mainstreaming * Presents an approach to developing a systemic Shari'a governance framework to govern operations in the Islamic finance industry
AMR EL TIBY earned his B.A in Commerce from Cairo University in 1980, majoring in Business. He earned his Diploma in Finance from Cairo University in 1985 and his MA in Economics from The American University in Cairo in 2003. In 2009, he earned his PhD from The American University in London. Dr. El Tiby has over 30 years of banking experience in the Middle East and the Gulf Region in both conventional as well as Islamic finance. His area of research focuses on banking risk and regulations. He is also the author of Islamic Banking, published by Wiley in 2011. WAFIK M. GRAIS is senior international adviser on finance, investments and public policy. He was founder and chairman of Viveris Mashrek Financial Advisors. He held senior positions at the World Bank in Washington, DC, where he notably managed country programs on countries of the Middle East and North Africa as well as Europe and Central Asia. He has been published on the subjects of finance, corporate governance, Islamic finance, macroeconomic policy, and energy policies. He holds a PhD in Economics and degrees in Mathematical Economics and Political Science from the University of Geneva.
Preface ix Acknowledgments xv Acronyms xvii About the Authors xxi PART ONE Emergence of Modern Islamic Finance 1 CHAPTER 1 History and Core Principles of Islamic Finance 3 CHAPTER 2 Islamic Finance: Opportunity for Egypt s Development 19 PART TWO Managing Systemic Risks 51 CHAPTER 3 Risks, Spillovers, and Distress 55 CHAPTER 4 Coping with Crises: Policies, Institutions, and Markets 67 PART THREE Regulatory Challenges 93 CHAPTER 5 The Dilemma of Tailor-Made versus Mainstream Regulation 95 CHAPTER 6 Toward an Enabling Framework 107 PART FOUR Corporate Governance 121 CHAPTER 7 Financial Fiduciary Governance 123 CHAPTER 8 Corporate Governance and Shari a Compliance 145 CHAPTER 9 Toward a Systemic Shari a Governance Framework 181 APPENDIX Islamic Finance: The International Landscape 205 References 217 Index 231