Much has been previously written on the causes and dynamics of Christian conversion, and many recent studies have addressed the issue of global Islamic fundamentalism. Islamic Ideology and Fundamentalism in Pakistan: A Climate for Conversion to Christianity? finds a correlation between the dynamics of Christian conversion and the issue of global Islamic fundamentalism and suggests that a crisis over ideology and Islamization in Pakistan is paving the way for Christian mission. Due to competing theories of statehood and state law, inconsistency, instability, and conflicts in the movement, it suggests that the Islamic impulse has exacerbated ethnic strife and religious sectarianism. It enables students of missiology to understand the "Muslim mentality" and the problems of minorities who have lived under the shariah (Islamic law). The author employs an integrated methodology of theological and behavioral/sociological disciplines to provide a framework for Muslim-Christian understanding, and develops a theory that utilizes missiological insights but emphasizes that Scripture always remains the "final court of appeal" in conversion studies.
Although this research does not support a claim that large numbers are turning to Christ in Pakistan, it does find evidence that Islamization now has an increased receptivity to the Christian mission.
Warren Fredrick Larson is Academic Director of Muslim Studies at Columbia International Unversity in Columbia, SC, and is member of several national organizations including the American Missiological Socity and the Association of Professors of Missions.