Islamist Networks: The Afghan-Pakistan Connection (The CERI Series in Comparative Politics & International Studies)
By: Mariam Abou Zahab (author), Olivier Roy (author)Paperback
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Al Qaida was unable to realize its lethal potential until it found sanctuary in Afghanistan, where Osama bin Laden fled after being expelled from Sudan. But why was the network's sanctuary not attacked before September 2001, especially after the bombing of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998? Abou Zahab and Roy argue that the Taliban was part of a much wider radical Islamist network in the region, whose true center was Pakistan, not Afghanistan. Al Qaida, the Taliban, the Pakistani Deobandis-all of these groups are based in Pakistan, which continues to serve as the regional hub for Islamist movements and their terrorist offshoots. This indispensable book investigates and explains the almost twenty-five-year gestation of these interlinked radical Islamist networks of Pakistan, Central Asia, and Afghanistan, out of which Al Qaida emerged. Taking into account the networks'divergent histories and doctrinal rifts, the authors lay bare the political contingencies that enabled these disparate Islamist movements to coordinate with the aim of attacking what became their common adversary: the United States.
Mariam Abou Zahab is a researcher affiliated with the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales (CERI) and a lecturer at the Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales (INALCO), both in Paris. Olivier Roy is a world authority on Islam and politics. His books include Globalized Islam (Columbia University Press) and The Failure of Political Islam.
1. Introduction2. Ex-Soviet Central AsiaThe Tajik Party of the Islamic Renaissance (PIR)The Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU)Hizb ul-Tahrir (Party of Liberation)3. Afghanistan: From the Islamists to the Taliban and Al-Qaida4. Pakistan: From the Religious Conservatism to Political RadicalismDeobandi Movements and Violent ActionThe Active Jihadist Tendency in Kashmir and Afghanistan from the Harakat ul-Ansat to Jaish-i-MuhammadSalafism and Jihadism5. Connections and DynamicsThe Al-Qaida Movement and the AfghansThe Fusion Between the Taliban and Al-QaidaThe Role of PakistanThe Pakistani Military Intelligence Services and the Radical TendencyPakistani Islamists at the Heart of Transnational LinksThe Pakistanisation of Al-QaidaThe Blurring of Strategic and Ideological Alignments6.Conclusion
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- ID: 9780231133654
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