Islands and Military Orders, c.1291-c.1798

Islands and Military Orders, c.1291-c.1798

By: Emanuel Buttigieg (author), Simon Phillips (author)Hardback

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At the heart of this volume is a concern with exploring levels of interaction between two particular objects of study, islands on the one hand, and military orders on the other. According to Fernand Braudel, islands are, 'often brutally', caught 'between the two opposite poles of archaism and innovation.' What happened when these particular environments interacted with the Military Orders? The various contributions in this volume address this question from a variety of angles. 1291 was a significant year for the main military orders: uprooted from their foundations in the Holy Land, they took refuge on Cyprus and in the following years found themselves vulnerable to those who questioned the validity of their continued existence. The Teutonic Order negated this by successfully transferring their headquarters to Prussia; the Knights Templar, however, faced suppression. Meanwhile, the Knights Hospitaller conquest of Rhodes assured both their survival and independence. Islands are often, by definition, seen to be embodiments of 'insularity', of an effort to be separate, distinct, cut-off. Military Orders are, conversely, international in scope, nature and personnel, the 'first international orders of the Church', as they have often been described. Therein lies the crux of the matter: how did insular outposts and international institutions come together to forge distinct and often successful experiments? Hospitaller Rhodes and Malta still impress with their magnificent architectural heritage, but their success went beyond stone and mortar and the story of islands and military orders, as will be clearly shown in this volume, also goes beyond these two small islands. The interaction between the two levels - insulation and internationalisation - and the interstices therein, created spaces conducive to both dynamism and stability as military orders and islands adapted to each other's demands, limitations and opportunities.

About Author

Emanuel Buttigieg is a Senior Lecturer in early modern history at the University of Malta. Simon Phillips is a Research Fellow in late medieval history at the University of Cyprus


Contents: Preface; Introduction, Emanuel Buttigieg and Simon Phillips; Part I Ideas and Ideals about Island Existence: The Hospitallers and concepts of island existence, Simon Phillips; The island Order state on Rhodes, Anthony Luttrell; Islands as strongholds for the defence of Christendom: the Hospital of Saint Mary of Bethlehem on Limnos (1459), Elena Bellomo; The Maltese islands and the religious culture of the Hospitallers: isolation and connectivity c.1540s-c.1690s, Emanuel Buttigieg. Part II Relocation and Adaptation: Propagating the Hospitallers' passagium: crusade preaching and liturgy in 1308-1309. Constantinos Georgiou; Island ports and Hospitallers, 1420-1631, Ann Williams; Malta and the Order of St John: life on an island home, George Cassar. Part III Life on an Island: Interaction and Innovation: Zones and nodes of interaction: the development of the Hospitaller town of Rhodes, Katerina Manoussou-Della; A 15th-century innovation: humanistic script on Hospitaller Rhodes, Karl Borchardt; The vision of the island of Malta and its role in the transformation of the Order's mission as seen by the 17th- and 18th-century traveler, Patricia Micallef; The Knights of the Portuguese Order of Christ on the island of Madeira (1640-1755): a socio-historical approach, Fernanda Olival. Part IV Regional Political Dynamics and the Military Orders: The Hospitallers of Rhodes and attempts to recover the Duchy of Athens by the Counts of Brienne after 1311, Karol Polejowski; Aspects of the relations between the Hospitaller Knights of Rhodes and the Republic of Venice: contacts and collaboration during the second Venetian-Ottoman war (1499-1502/03), Photeine V. Perra; Between Sicily and Jerusalem: the Teutonic Knights in the Mediterranean (12th-15th centuries), Hubert Houben. Part V Fortifications, War and Defence: The Hospitallers of Rhodes and their alliances against the Turks, 1306-1348, Michael Carr; The Knights Templar in the defence of the Lazio coast: the quasi-islands of Santa Maria della Sorresca on Lake Paola and the tower of San Felice Circeo (1173-1259), Nadia Bagnarini; The development of gunpowder defences at the Knights Hospitallers' fortifications on the Dodecanese islands (1307-1522), Michael Losse. Part VI Economic Aspects of an Island Experience: Hospitaller small change: an archaeological perspective, Anna-Maria Kasdagli; Hospitaller estates and agricultural production on 14th and 15th century Cyprus, Nicholas Coureas; Some aspects of the use and exploitation of mills by the Order of St John in Rhodes and Cyprus, Gregory O'Malley; Society and economy on the Hospitaller island of Malta: an overview, Victor Mallia-Milanes; The Order of St John and its Caribbean islands, 1653-1665: a cartographic record, William Zammit; Index.

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781472409904
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 302
  • ID: 9781472409904
  • weight: 708
  • ISBN10: 1472409906

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