Recent advances in biotechnology in areas as diverse as agriculture, the environment, food, and healthcare have led to much debate and media attention. This unique reference resource for advanced high school students and teachers explores the science behind these new technologies and examines the stakeholders and their stakes in the various debates. The author presents views of scientists, doctors, insurance companies, and big businesses, among others, on such issues as genetic testing, patenting of human gene sequences, cloning, and genetically engineered food. Each chapter addresses a specific issue with the goals of helping readers understand all the different ways biotechnology is being explored and implemented in our lives today, as well as to critically perceive the arguments being made concerning these issues. Students will learn there is more to biotechnology than cloning sheep, that it is also used for such purposes as making cheese and beer. Each topic is presented as a Case Study describing of a range of technologies and a diversity of stakeholders that will allow users to draw their own conclusions.
This introduction to the technologies and the debates surrounding them also encourages students to take advantage of the many available sources for further research, particularly on the Internet.
BERNICE SCHACTER is a biotechnology consultant and visiting professor at Wesleyan University.
The Origins of Biotechnology: A Primer on the Science and Beginnings of Its Regulations The Asilomar Conference of 1975 Patenting of Life: Chakrabarty, General Electric, the Patent Office, and the Supreme Court The Release of a Genetically Engineered Microorganism Corn Genetically Engineered with an Insecticide Bovine Growth Hormone The Human Genome Project Genetic Testing for Risk Assessment for Disease Gene Therapy Forensic DNA Testing Index