As Americans experiment with dismantling the nation's welfare system, cliches and slogans proliferate, ranging from charges that the poor are simply lazy to claims that existing antipoverty programs have failed completely. In this impeccably researched book, Rebecca Blank provides the definitive antidote to the scapegoating, guesswork, and outright misinformation of today's welfare debates. Demonstrating that government aid has been far more effective than most people think, she also explains that even private support for the poor depends extensively on public funds. It takes a nation to fight a problem as pervasive and subtle as modern poverty, and this book argues that we should continue to implement a mix of private and public programs. Federal, state, and local assistance should go hand in hand with private efforts at community development and personal empowerment and change. The first part of the book investigates the changing nature of poverty in America. Poverty is harder to combat now than in the past, both because of the changing demographics of who is poor as well as the major deterioration in earnings among less-skilled workers.
The second part of the book delves into policies designed to reduce poverty, presenting evidence that many though not all programs have done exactly what they set out to do. The final chapters provide an excellent review of recent policy changes and make workable suggestions for how to improve public assistance programs to assure a safety net, while still encouraging poor adults to find employment and support their families.
Rebecca M. Blank is Professor of Economics at Northwestern University, where she directed the Joint Center for Poverty Research. She is currently on leave serving as a Member of the Council of Economic Advisers in the Clinton Administration.
List of FiguresList of TablesPreface and AcknowledgmentsList of AbbreviationsIntroduction3Ch. 1The Changing Face of Poverty13Ch. 2A Changing Economy52Ch. 3Changing Policy: America's Efforts to Provide a Social Safety Net83Ch. 4What Do Antipoverty Programs Do?133Ch. 5Who Should Help the Poor?191Ch. 6The Movement toward Targeted Programs220Ch. 7Where Should We Go from Here?252Ch. 8Conclusions290Notes295References311Index329