J. F. Lyotard (SAGE Masters in Modern Social Thought Series)

J. F. Lyotard (SAGE Masters in Modern Social Thought Series)

By: Professor Derek Robbins (editor)Hardback

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Description

The association between Lyotard and postmodernism is so strong that it threatens to eclipse his seminal contributions to aesthetics, politics, education, religion and phenomenology. The Postmodern Condition was widely acclaimed as the bible of postmodernism and Lyotard was unwillingly elevated by his readers to a position of almost papal authority. Yet the twenty seven books published in his lifetime, to say nothing of the lectures, articles and other interventions, reveal a complex, multi-dimensional thinker who cannot be confined by the label 'postmodernist'. Profoundly influenced by the inhumanity of the second world war, Lyotard began his career in Algeria where he fell under the influence of this historian, Pierre Sourys who introduced him to the Socialisme ou Barbarie group which included Cornelius Catroiadis, Claude Lefort and Jean Laplanche. With roots in Trotskyism, this group embarked on a critique of the Soviet command state and, through this, of the general validity of Marxist explanation. Lyotard's sojourn in Algeria also refined his hostility to colonialism and the myth of Western superiority.It is from this moment that the beginnings of Lyotard's disillusionment with 'grand narratives' can be traced. Lyotard broke with Socisalime ou Barbarie in 1963. However, his experiences clearly predisposed him to join the Mouvement du 22 mars in 1968 and influenced his turbulent relations with the Universisty of Nanterre concerning questions of the curriculum and student rights. Later he became a noted supporter of the various critical minority movements that developed in the wake of 'the events' of 1968. This collection, edited by a noted expert on French social and cultural theory, reveals Lyotard's questing and clear eyed critical intelligence in all of its profound cogency. The characteristic themes of the heterogeneity of language, the tyranny of imposed authority, the future of democracy, the contradictions of justice and the virtues of the post-modern imagination which re-radicalized a generation in the 1980s and '90s are all thoroughly explored here. Lyotard's relation to Kant, Marx and a range of contemporary thinkers including Adorno. Said, Kuhn, Habermas, Foucault and Derrida is elucidated with great clarity.What emerges most forcefully is Lyotard's extraordinary generosity of thought. His approach enjoined a responsibility to scrutinize any context in which power is exercised in the name of an organization or an ideal. Lyotard redefined the meaning of intellectual dissent and in doing so, suggested an important range of political and cultural responsibilities in the postmodern world. This collection, prepared five years after the death of its subject, allows readers to make sense of this major thinker, especially in the light of critical reassessments of his life and work.

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About Author

Derek Robbins is Professor of International Social Theory in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at the University of East London. He is the author of The Work of Pierre Bourdieu (1991) and of Bourdieu and Culture (2000); the editor of the 4-volume collection of articles on Bourdieu in the Sage Masters of Contemporary Social Thought series (2000) and of a 3-volume collection of articles on Lyotard in the same series (2004). His On Bourdieu, Education and Society was published by Bardwell Press in July, 2006, and he was the editor of the Special issue of Theory, Culture and Society on Bourdieu which was published as 23 (6) in November, 2006. In 2007-8 he was in receipt of an ESRC award to study the work of Jean-Claude Passeron, and he has written an introduction to a translation of Passeron's Le raisonnement sociologique which will be published in 2011 by Bardwell Press, Oxford, as Sociological Reasoning. As Directeur associe in the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris and Marseille in 2009-10 he gave courses on the comparative epistemology of the social sciences, and he is currently exploring the influence of Husserl on 20th Century French social theory, particularly in relation to the development of the thought of Lyotard and Bourdieu.

Contents

VOLUME ONE Editor's Introduction From Postwar to Postmodern - Lyotard's 'Interregnum' and After PART ONE: CONTEXTUAL AND COMPARATIVE EXPLICATION Section One: Biography and Context Born in 1925 - Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard The New Philosopher - Edouard Morot-Sir Language, Literature, Deconstruction and Politics - Keith Reader Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Julian Pefanis Ecriture juda[um]ique - Susan E Shapiro Where Are the Jews in Western Discourse? Section Two: 'Taking Stock' Introduction to Lyotard - Robert Hurley In the Wake of Structuralism - Bertrand Poirot-Delpech French Philosophy's New Wave The End of Time - Vincent Descombes Desire in Art and Politics - Maureen Turim The Theories of Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard Introduction to Introducing Lyotard - Bill Readings Corporality, Ethics, Experimentation - Cecile Lindsay Lyotard in the Eighties Section Three: Dialogues/Debates/Interviews Postmodernity and the Politics of Multiculturalism - Mark Poster The Lyotard-Habermas Debate over Social Theory Le Cosmopolitisme sans [ac]emancipation - Richard Rorty En r[ac]eponse [gr]a Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard Habermas and Lyotard on Postmodernity - Richard Rorty Foreword to The Postmodern Condition - Fredric Jameson Epistemologies of Postmodernism - Seyla Benhabib A Rejoinder to Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard Interview with Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard interviewed by George Van Den Abbeele Section Four: Comparisons Power and Subjectivity in Foucault - Peter Dews J[um]urgen Habermas and Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Stephen Watson Postmodernism and the Crisis of Rationality Judgment and Justice under Postmodern Conditions - Charles Altieri Or, How Lyotard Helps Us Read Rawls as a Postmodern Thinker Divergences - Peter Nicholls Modernism, Postmodernism, Jameson and Lyotard Democracy and Difference - Seyla Benhabib Reflections on the Metapolitics of Lyotard and Derrida VOLUME TWO PART TWO: SUBSTANTIVE IMPLICATIONS Section One: The Phenomenon of 'Postmodernism' From Counter-Culture to Neo-Conservatism and beyond - Andreas Huyssen Stages of the Postmodern Postmodernism or Post-Colonialism Today - Simon During Beginning to Theorize Postmodernism - Linda Hutcheon Postmodern Italy - Stefano Rosso Notes on the 'Crisis of Reason', 'Weak Thought' and 'The Name of the Rose' On the Critical 'Post' - Richard Beardsworth Lyotard's Agitated Judgement Retrieving Truth - Jeff Malpas Modernism, Postmodernism and the Problem of Truth Liberty and Discipline - Peter Wagner Making Sense of Postmodernity, or, Once Again, toward a Sociohistorical Understanding of Modernity Section Two: Politics Kant the Liberal, Kant the Anarchist - Todd G May Rawls and Lyotard on Kantian Justice The Postmodern Challenge to Community - Koula Mellos The Other of Justice - Axel Honneth Habermas and the Ethical Challenge of Postmodernism The Politics of Nonidentity - Fred Dallmayr Adorno, Postmodernism - and Edward Said Section Three: Aesthetics The Postmodern Museum - John Rajchman Narrative and Postmodernity in France - A Kibedi Varga La Pulsion de voir - Rosalind Krauss Breaking Rules, Making History - Abigail Lee Six A Postmodern Reading of Historiography in Juan Goytisolo's Fiction The Postmodern Imagination: Lyotard - Richard Kearney Writing without Representation, and Unreadable Notation - Jean-Charles Fran[ce]cois Media Images and the Social Construction of Reality - William A Gamson et al Digital Songs - Jannis Kallinikos Aspects of Contemporary Work and Life Film and the New Psychology - Paisley Livingston A Discourse (with Shape of Reason Missing) - John Tagg Absolute Television - Jon Wagner Immemorial Visibilities - L Barth Seeing the City's Difference VOLUME THREE PART TWO: SUBSTANTIVE IMPLICATIONS (CONTINUED) Section Four: Philosophy Lyotard's 'Kantian Socialism' - Kevin Paul Geiman Lyotard's Neo-Sophistic Philosophy of Phrases - Eric White Section Five: Philosophy of Science Being There with Thomas Kuhn - Steve Fuller A Parable for Postmodern Times Section Six: Education Techno-Science, Rationality and the University - Michael Peters Lyotard on the 'Postmodern Condition' Postmodernism and Higher Education - Harland G Bloland Section Seven: Religion Christ in the Postmodern Age - William A Beardslee Reflections Inspired by Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard Liberation Theology as Critical Theory - Joy Gordon The Notion of the 'Privileged Perspective' Section Eight: Gender and Sexuality Social Criticism without Philosophy - Nancy Fraser and Linda Nicholson An Encounter between Feminism and Postmodernism Lesbians and Lyotard - Judith Roof Legitimation and the Politics of the Name Section Nine: Race Postmodern Racism - Vijay Mishra The 'Jew' as 'Postmodern' - Raphael Sassower A Personal Report Section Ten: Psychology and the Body Rephrasing the Freudian Unconscious - Anne Tomiche Lyotard's Affect-Phrase The Application of Postmodern Thought to the Clinical Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy - Richard D Chessick Section Eleven: Sociology Jean-Fran[ce]cois Lyotard - Mark Erickson Narrating Postmodernity Trusting the Tale - Martin Kreiswirth The Narrativist Turn in the Human Sciences Section Twelve: History Telling It Like It Was - Andrew P Norman Historical Narratives on Their Own Terms Section Thirteen: Organizational Analysis Postmodern Organizational Analysis - John Hassard Toward a Conceptual Framework

Product Details

  • publication date: 07/04/2004
  • ISBN13: 9780761949282
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 1272
  • ID: 9780761949282
  • weight: 2336
  • ISBN10: 0761949283

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