James Mill (1773-1836) is today best known as Jeremy Bentham's chief disciple and John Stuart Mill's father. Yet Mill himself was a formidable and important Utilitarian thinker in his own right, who earned the respect of even those who disagreed with him. His range was enormous (historian, political philosopher, psychologist, educational theorist, and economist), repeatedly crossing the disciplinary boundaries we take for granted today. This 1992 volume presents a wide sampling of Mill's political writings and polemical essays. It begins with his classic work, the Essay on Government, it also includes pieces on the protection of rights, the importance of education, the free press, the secret ballot, and government's use of punishment against those who violate the rights of fellow citizens. The collection concludes with Macaulay's famous critique of the Essay, and Mill's heretofore unnoticed reply in his Fragment on Mackintosh (1835). It will be of interest to students and scholars of politics, philosophy, and the history of ideas.
Preface; Introduction; Chronology; Bibliographical note; Biographical notes; A note on sources; Government Jurisprudence; Liberty of the Press; Education; Prisons and prison discipline; The ballot; Appendix: Macaulay vs. Mill T. B. Macaulay: Mill on Government; James Mill, [Reply to Macaulay].