It is a well known fact that Japan spends only a small percentage of her gross national product on defense. What is not well known, however, is the fact that Japan's defense budget ranks among the top in the world and that her self-defense forces are considered to be amongst the best conventional armed forces in the world. Since empirical studies concerning Japan's military expansion are rare both in Japanese and English, the book takes up this neglected area. It examines Japan's military expansion and the decision-making of her defense policy between 1976 and 2007, focusing on the National Defense Program outline and the guidelines for United States-Japan Defense Cooperation. This book deals with how the bureaucratic politics model applies to the case of Japan's defense policy and demonstrates some similarities and differences between Japanese and United States decision-making.
Takao Sebata is a professor and the dean of the Graduate School of Global Communication at the University of Nagasaki, Siebold Campus, Japan. He holds a doctoral degree in international relations from the University of Denver, and specializes in United States-Japan relations including Japanese defense and security, United States foreign policy, and international relations in Northeast Asia.
Chapter 1 Acknowledgments Chapter 2 Introduction Chapter 3 Chapter 1: Comparative Aspects and Theoretical Framework Chapter 4 Chapter 2: Decision-Making Structure and Players Chapter 5 Chapter 3: Creation of the National Defense Program Outline and the 1 Percents Ceiling of the Gross National Product Chapter 6 Chapter 4: The Decision to Break the 1 Percent Ceiling of the Gross National Product Chapter 7 Chapter 5: Re-evaluation of the National Defense Program Outline Chapter 8 Chapter 6: The Midterm Operations Estimate in the 1980s and Japan's Response to the Gulf War of 1991 Chapter 9 Chapter 7: The National Defense Program Outline of 1995 Chapter 10 Chapter 8: The Guidelines for United States-Japan Defense Cooperation of 1978 and 1997 and the National Defense Program Outline of 2004 Chapter 11 Conclusion Chapter 12 Bibliography