Given jurisdiction over race and national origin but not religion, federal agents have had to determine whether Jewish Americans constitute a race or national origin group. They have been unable to do so. This has led to enforcement paralysis, as well as explosive internal confrontations and recriminations within the federal government. This book examines the legal and policy issues behind the ambiguity involved with civil rights protections for Jewish students. Written by a former senior government official, this book reveals the extent of this problem and presents a workable legal solution.
Kenneth L. Marcus holds the Lillie and Nathan Ackerman Chair in Equality and Justice in America at the City University of New York's Bernard M. Baruch College School of Public Affairs. He is also Director of the Initiative on Anti-Semitism and Anti-Israelism at the Institute for Jewish and Community Research. Previously, Marcus was the Staff Director at the US Commission on Civil Rights. He speaks widely on college campuses and before community groups, and he publishes prolifically in academic law reviews and opinion journals.
1. The dilemma of Jewish difference; 2. The Jewish question in civil rights enforcement; 3. The nature of the new campus anti-Semitism; 4. Criticisms; 5. First Amendment issues; 6. Misunderstanding Jews and Jew-hatred; 7. Institutional resistance; 8. The originalist approach; 9. Scientific theories; 10. Social perception; 11. The subjective approach; 12. Anti-Semitism as harm to racial identity.