Jewish Liturgy: A Guide to Research (Illuminations: Guides to Research in Religion)
By: Ruth Langer (author)Hardback
2 - 4 weeks availability
How do Jews pray and why? What do the prayers mean? From where did this liturgy come and what challenges does it face today? Such questions and many more, spanning the centuries and continents, have driven the study of Jewish liturgy. But just as the liturgy has changed over time, so too have the questions asked, the people asking them, and the methods used to address them. Jewish Liturgy: A Guide to Research enables the reader to access the rich bibliography now available in English. In this volume, Ruth Langer, an expert on Jewish liturgy, provides an annotated description of the most important books and articles on topics ranging historically from the liturgy of the Second Temple period and the Dead Sea Scrolls to today, addressing the synagogue itself and those gathered in it; the daily, weekly, and festival liturgies and their components; home rituals and the life cycle; as well as questions of liturgical performance and theology. Introductions to every section orient the reader and provide necessary background. Christians seeking to understand Jewish liturgy, either that of Jesus and the early church or that of their Jewish contemporaries, will find this volume invaluable.
It's also an important reference for anyone seeking to understand how Jews worship God and how that worship has evolved over time.
Ruth Langer is professor of Jewish studies in the Theology Department at Boston College and associate director of its Center for Christian-Jewish Learning. She received her rabbinic ordination and PhD from Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion, Cincinnati. She publishes widely in the fields of Jewish liturgy and Christian-Jewish relations.
1 Introduction 1.1 This Bibliography and Additional Resources 1.2 Hebrew Transliteration 1.2.1 Consonants 1.2.2.Vowels 1.3 Introduction to Rabbinic Literature 1.3.1 Halakhic Literature 220.127.116.11 Mishnah Translations 18.104.22.168 Talmud Translations 22.214.171.124.1 Babylonian Talmud 126.96.36.199.2 Jerusalem Talmud 1.3.2 Midrash 1.4 Historical Overview of Rabbinic Liturgy 1.5 The Structure of the Prayer Book 1.5.1 The Berakhah 188.8.131.52 God's Name 1.5.2 Preliminary Prayers 1.5.3 The Recitation of Shema 1.5.4 The Amidah 1.5.5 Tahanun/Supplicatory Prayers 1.5.6 Reading Scripture 1.5.7 Concluding Prayers 1.6 Chronological Overview of Key Trends in Jewish Liturgical Scholarship 1.6.1 Recent Bibliographic Overviews of Scholarship on Rabbinic Liturgy 1.7 Comprehensive Studies 1.7.1 Monographs 184.108.40.206 Entry-level Texts 220.127.116.11 Texts for More Advanced Study 1.7.2 Collections of Scholarly Articles 1.7.3 Overview Essays 1.7.4 Collections of Prayer Texts 2 Second Temple-Era Liturgy and Worship 2.1 In General 2.1.1 Prayer Texts 2.1.2 Secondary Discussions 2.1.3 Penitential Prayer 2.2 Dead Sea Scrolls 2.2.1 General Resources 2.2.2 Qumran Prayer Texts 2.2.3 Secondary Discussions: General 18.104.22.168 Monographs 22.214.171.124 Collections of Articles 126.96.36.199 Overview Articles 2.2.4 Secondary Discussions: Specific Issues 188.8.131.52 Dead Sea Scrolls and the Origins of Rabbinic Liturgy 184.108.40.206.1 Angelic Liturgy 220.127.116.11.2 Petitionary and Penitential Prayer 18.104.22.168 Rituals and Liturgies for Specific Seasons 22.214.171.124 Relationship to the Jerusalem Temple 2.3 Philo 2.4 Josephus 2.5 Temple Worship 2.5.1 Temple Rituals 2.5.2 Rabbinic(-Type) Liturgy in the Temple 2.5.3 Ritual Responses to the Loss of the Temple 2.6 Prayer Language 2.6.1 Hebrew, Greek, and/or Aramaic? 2.6.2 Composition of Prayers 3 The Synagogue as an Institution 3.1 General Bibliography 3.1.1 Monographs 3.1.2 Collections of Articles 3.1.3 Overview Articles 3.2 Origins 3.2.1 The Second Temple-Era Synagogue 3.2.2 Associations 3.3 Early Christian Intersections 3.4 Late-Antique Synagogues 3.4.1 In the Land of Israel 126.96.36.199 Sepphoris 3.4.2 In the Diaspora 188.8.131.52 Dura Europos 184.108.40.206 Ostia Antiqua 220.127.116.11 Sardis 3.4.3 Samaritan Synagogues 3.5 Medieval and Modern Synagogues 3.6 Synagogue and Temple post 70 CE 3.7 Synagogue Art, Architecture, and Ritual Objects 3.7.1 Late-Antique Synagogue Art 3.7.2 Medieval and Modern Synagogue Art and Architecture 3.7.3 Specific Elements 18.104.22.168 Architectural Elements: Torah Ark, Bimah, etc. 22.214.171.124 Menorah 126.96.36.199 Seat of Moses 188.8.131.52 Zodiac 3.8 Women in the Synagogue 3.8.1 Mehitzah 3.8.2 In Ancient Synagogues 3.8.3 In Medieval to Pre-20th c. Synagogues 3.8.4 In Contemporary Synagogues 3.9 Liturgical Functionaries 4 The Historical Emergence of Jewish Liturgy 4.1 Liturgy in the Era of the Tannaim and Amoraim (Mishnah and Talmud) 4.2 Medieval Liturgy 4.2.1 Geonic (Early Medieval) Liturgy 184.108.40.206. Seder Rav Amram Gaon 220.127.116.11 Geniza Texts 4.2.2 High Medieval Liturgy 18.104.22.168 Moses Maimonides 22.214.171.124 Prayer Books and their Evolution 126.96.36.199 European Rites 4.3 Modernity 4.3.1 Early Modern Liturgy 4.3.2 Contemporary Rites and Movements 188.8.131.52 Orthodox 184.108.40.206.1 Ashkenazi Rite 220.127.116.11.1.1 Minhag Ashkenaz (Ashkenazi "Custom") 18.104.22.168.1.2 Nusah S'fard (Sefardi Rite) 22.214.171.124.2 Minhag Sefarad: Iberian Rites 126.96.36.199.2.1 Eastern Sefardi (Mizrahi) 188.8.131.52.2.2. Spanish and Portuguese 184.108.40.206.3 Italian 220.127.116.11 Reform Judaism 18.104.22.168.1 Secondary Discussions 22.214.171.124.1.1 In General 126.96.36.199.1.2 In Europe 188.8.131.52.1.3 In North America 184.108.40.206.1.4 In Israel 220.127.116.11.2 Reform Movement Prayer Books 18.104.22.168 Conservative Judaism 22.214.171.124.1 Secondary Discussions 126.96.36.199.2 Conservative Movement Prayer Books 188.8.131.52 Reconstructionist Movement 184.108.40.206.1 Secondary Discussions 220.127.116.11.2 Reconstructionist Movement Prayer Books 18.104.22.168 Recent Phenomena 5 Weekday Prayers 5.1 The Berakhah 5.2 The Shema and its Blessings 5.2.1 Pre- and Non-Rabbinic Manifestations 22.214.171.124 The Nash Papyrus and the Decalogue 126.96.36.199 Second Temple Evidence 188.8.131.52 Christian Evidence 5.2.2 Origins and Early Rabbinic Developments 5.2.3 Theological Discussions 5.3 The Amidah 5.3.1 Precursors, Origins and Early Rabbinic Developments 184.108.40.206 Scholarship Before Heinemann 220.127.116.11 Recent Scholarship 5.3.2 Studies of (Clusters of) Blessings 18.104.22.168 Opening Blessings (Praise) 22.214.171.124.1 Avot (1) 126.96.36.199.2 Gevurot (2) 188.8.131.52.3 Qedushah (3) 184.108.40.206 Intermediate Weekday Blessings (Petitions) 220.127.116.11.1 Birkat HaMinim (12) 18.104.22.168 Concluding Blessings (Thanksgiving) 22.214.171.124 Seasonal Inserts 5.3.3 Other 5.4 Torah Reading 5.4.1 The Torah Scroll and its Accoutrements 5.4.2 Chanting Scripture 5.4.3 Targum (Aramaic Translation) 5.4.4 Sermons 5.4.5 Prayer for the Government 5.5 Qedushah 5.6 Introductory Prayers and Birkhot HaShahar (Morning Benedictions) 5.7 Recitation of Psalms 5.8 Tahanun 5.9 Concluding Prayers 6 Birkat HaMazon (Grace after Meals) 6.1 Precursors 6.2 Rabbinic Liturgy 6.2.1 The Zimmun (Invitation to the Grace) 7 Sabbath and Holiday Liturgies 7.1 Jewish Calendar 7.2 Shabbat (Sabbath) 7.3 Pilgrimage Festivals 7.3.1 Pesah (Passover) 126.96.36.199 Haggadah 188.8.131.52.1 Texts 184.108.40.206.2 Secondary Studies 220.127.116.11 Synagogue Liturgy 7.3.2 Shavuot (Feast of Weeks) 7.3.3 Sukkot (Feast of Tabernacles/Booths), Shemini Atzeret (Eighth Day of Assembly) and Simhat Torah (Rejoicing in the Torah) 7.4 High Holy Days 7.4.1 In General 7.4.2 Prayer Books 7.4.3 Specific Prayers (Both Days) 18.104.22.168 Unetaneh Toqef 7.4.4 Rosh HaShanah (New Year) 7.4.5 Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) 22.214.171.124 Specific Prayers 126.96.36.199.1 Kol Nidre (All Vows...) 188.8.131.52.2 Selihot (Penitential Poetry) 184.108.40.206.3 Vidui (Confession) 220.127.116.11.4 Yizkor (Memorial Prayers) 18.104.22.168.5 Seder HaAvodah (Order of the Temple Service) 7.5 Minor Holidays 7.5.1 Rosh Hodesh (New Month) 7.5.2 Purim 7.5.3 Hanukkah 7.5.4 Tu BiShevat (Arbor Day) 7.5.5 Yom HaAtzma'ut (Israeli Independence Day) 7.6 Fast Days and Days Commemorating Tragedies 7.6.1 Tisha B'Av (9th of Av) 22.214.171.124. Liturgies 7.6.2 Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Memorial Day) 126.96.36.199 Liturgies 8 Life Cycle Rituals 8.1 Comprehensive Discussions 8.2 Birth Rituals 8.2.1 Brit Milah (Circumcision) 8.2.2 Naming Girls 8.2.3 Pidyon HaBen (Redeeming the First Born Son) 8.3 Bar and Bat Mitzvah 8.4 Marriage 8.5 Death and Mourning 9 Piyyut (Liturgical Poetry) 9.1 Introductory Discussions 9.2 Piyyut in English Translation 9.3 Secondary Discussions 9.3.1 Performance and Participation 9.3.2 Use of the Bible 9.3.3 Other 10 Extra-Textual Aspects of Liturgy 10.1 General Discussions 10.2 Minyan (Community) 10.3 Posture and Gesture 10.4 Language 10.5 Music and Silence 10.5.1 Music in Ashkenazi Contexts 10.5.2 Music in Sefardi Contexts 10.5.3 Instrumental Music 10.6 Revitalizing the Contemporary Synagogue 10.7 Liturgical Garb 10.7.1 Kippah (Yarmulke, Skull Cap) 10.7.2 Tallit (Prayer Shawl) 10.7.3 Tefillin (Phylacteries) 10.7.3.1 Women and Tefillin 11 Spiritual Practices: Mystical, Magical and Apotropaic Prayer 11.1 Heikhalot Mysticism 11.2 Hasidei Ashkenaz 11.3 Pietists in the Muslim World 11.4 Kabbalah 11.4.1 Primary Texts in Translation 11.4.2 Secondary Discussions 11.5 Hasidism 11.5.1 Primary Texts in Translation 11.5.2 Secondary Discussions 11.6 Magic 12 Women and Prayer 12.1 Contemporary Halakhic Discussions 12.2 Texts of Women's Prayers 12.3 Secondary Discussions 13 Comparisons with Early Christian Liturgy 13.1 Early Christian Evidence for Jewish Prayer 13.2 The Eucharist and Jewish Table Liturgies 13.3 The Lord's Prayer 13.4 The Apostolic Constitutions 14 Theological Discussions 14.1 Pre-Contemporary 14.1.1 Moses Maimonides 14.2 Contemporary 14.2.1 Abraham Isaac Kook 14.3 Specific Topics 14.3.1 Kavvanah 14.3.2 Petitionary Prayer Glossary Abbreviations Index About the Author
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