Faced with infectious diseases, starvation, lack of medicines, lack of clean water, and safe sewage, Jewish physicians practiced medicine under severe conditions in the ghettos and concentration camps of the Holocaust. Despite the odds against them, physicians managed to supply public health education, enforce hygiene protocols, inspect buildings and latrines, enact quarantine, and perform triage. Many gave their lives to help fellow prisoners. Based on archival materials and featuring memoirs of Holocaust survivors, this volume offers a rich array of both tragic and inspiring studies of the sanctification of life as practiced by Jewish medical professionals. More than simply a medical story, these histories represent the finest exemplification of a humanist moral imperative during a dark hour of recent history.
Michael A. Grodin, M.D. is Professor of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights at the Boston University School of Public Health, where he is also Director of the Project on Medicine and the Holocaust, and Senior Faculty at the Elie Wiesel Center for Judaic Studies and the Division of Religious and Theological Studies. As a practicing physician, Dr. Grodin has been named one of America's Top Physicians and has received a national Humanism in Medicine Award for "compassion and empathy in the delivery of care to patients and their families." An internationally recognized scholar on the Holocaust, Dr. Grodin has received a special citation from the United State Holocaust Memorial Museum for "profound contributions- through original and creative research - to the cause of Holocaust education and remembrance."
Foreword Joseph Polak Preface Michael A. Grodin and Allan Nadler Acknowledgments Introduction Michael A. Grodin PART I: HYGIENE AND DISEASE CONTAINMENT AS RESISTANCE Chapter 1. The Epidemiological Status and Health Care Administration of the Jews Before and During the Holocaust Jacob Jay Lindenthal Chapter 2. Typhus Epidemic Containment as Resistance to Nazi Genocide Naomi Baumslag and Barry Shmookler Chapter 3. Delousing and Resistance During the Holocaust Paul Weindling PART II: ORGANIZED HEALTH CARE IN THE GHETTOS Chapter 4. Courage Under Siege: Starvation, Disease and Death in the Warsaw Ghetto Charles G. Roland Chapter 5. Jewish Medical Resistance in the Warsaw Ghetto Myron Winick Chapter 6. Health Care in the Vilna Ghetto Solon Beinfeld Chapter 7. The Jewish Hospital in the Vilna Ghetto Alexander Sedlis Chapter 8. The Establishment of a Public Health Service in the Vilna Ghetto Steven Sedlis Chapter 9. Medicine in the Kovno Ghetto Jack Brauns Chapter 10. Medicine in the Shavli Ghetto - In Light of the Newly Discovered Diary of Dr. Aaron Pik Miriam Offer Chapter 11. The Nursing School in the Warsaw Ghetto Aleksander Blum Chapter 12. A Tribute to an Old-Fashioned Pharmacist Lily Mazur Margules PART III: MEDICINE IN THE CAMPS Chapter 13. Jewish Medical Resistance in Block 10, Auschwitz Claude Romney Chapter 14. Greek Jews in Auschwitz: Doctors and Victims Yitzchak Kerem Chapter 15. The Kinderheim of Bergen-Belsen Diane Plotkin Chapter 16. Memoirs of Heroic Deeds by Jewish Medical Personnel in the Camps Isak Arbus Chapter 17. Felix Bachmann's Medical Memoir of Terezin Concentration Camp Oliver B. Pollak PART IV: WARTIME ACTIVITIES AND OTHER AREAS Chapter 18. Doctors Saving Jews in Dniepropetrovsk During the Nazi Occupation Alexander and Arkady Bielostotzk Chapter 19. Crimean Doctors: Victims of Holocaust and Heroes of Resistance Gitel Gubenko Chapter 20. Jewish Medics in the Soviet Partisan Movement in the Ukraine Ster Elisvatski Afterword: The Ethical and Human Dimension of Jewish Medical Resistance During the Holocaust Yulian Rafes Photos About the Editor List of Contributors Credits Index