Jewish Terrorism in Israel (Columbia Studies in Terrorism and Irregular Warfare)
By: Ami Pedahzur (author), Arie Perliger (author)Paperback
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Ami Pedahzur and Arie Perliger, world experts on the study of terror and security, propose a theory of violence that contextualizes not only recent acts of terror but also instances of terrorism that stretch back centuries. Beginning with ancient Palestine and its encounters with Jewish terrorism, the authors analyze the social, political, and cultural factors that sponsor extreme violence, proving religious terrorism is not the fault of one faith, but flourishes within any counterculture that adheres to a totalistic ideology. When a totalistic community perceives an external threat, the connectivity of the group and the rhetoric of its leaders bolster the collective mindset of members, who respond with violence. In ancient times, the Jewish sicarii of Judea carried out stealth assassinations against their Roman occupiers. In the mid-twentieth century, to facilitate their independence, Jewish groups committed acts of terror against British soldiers and the Arab population in Palestine. More recently, Yigal Amir, a member of a Jewish terrorist cell, assassinated Yitzhak Rabin to express his opposition to the Oslo Peace Accords.
Conducting interviews with former Jewish terrorists, political and spiritual leaders, and law-enforcement officials, and culling information from rare documents and surveys of terrorist networks, Pedahzur and Perliger construct an extensive portrait of terrorist aggression, while also describing the conditions behind the modern rise of zealotry.
Ami Pedahzur received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Haifa in Israel, where he also taught until 2004. From 2000 to 2004, he served as a senior fellow at the University's National Security Studies Center and was a member of its Terrorism Research Project team. In 2004, Pedahzur arrived at the University of Texas as a Donald D. Harrington fellow, and since 2005 he has served as an associate professor in its departments of government and Middle Eastern studies. In 2007, he became a senior fellow at The University of Texas at Austin's Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs and currently serves as associate editor of the journal Studies in Conflict and Terrorism.Arie Perliger received his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Haifa in Israel, where he also taught until 2007. From 2002 to 2008, he served as a fellow at the University's National Security Studies Center. In 2007, Perliger became a Golda Meir Postdoctoral Fellow at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and currently serves as an assistant professor in the Department of Social Sciences and an associate at the Combating Terrorism Center, United States Military Academy at West Point.
PrefaceLife in the CountercultureThe Catastrophic EventThe Dynamic and Causes of RadicalizationMethodBook Structure1. Ancient and Modern History: The Founding MythsHasmoneansTerrorism in JerusalemJewish Political Activism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries2. Early and Mid-Twentieth Century: Ethno-Religious TerrorismThe Split Between the Etzel and the LehiThe Assassination of Lord MoyneFrom the Season to the United Resistance MovementThe Partition PlanThe Assassination of Israel KastnerKingdom of Israel (the Tzrifin Underground)Brit Hakanaim (Covenant of the Zealots)3. The Camp David Accords: The Struggle over the Promised LandThe Attack on the MayorsThe Crisis of the Camp David AccordsThe Jewish UndergroundThe Founding CliqueVengeanceRemoving the AbominationThe Massacre at the Islamic CollegeThe Exposure of the Network and Conclusions4. Meir Kahane and the Kach Movement: Jews Against IsraelisHebron Then and NowFrom Jewish Defense League to Kahanist CountercultureEarly DaysYoel LernerThe Modern Hasmonean RevoltThe Struggle in SinaiTNTThe Committee for the Safety of the RoadsThe DisciplesGod of Vengeance5. The Assassination of Yitzak RabinThe Vengeance UndergroundThe Yigal Amir GroupThe PlotFormation of the Network6. The Second Intifada: VengeanceThe Hilltop YouthThe Bat Ayin GroupThe Withdrawal from GazaGush KatifSa NurKfar TapuachAmona7. Eccentric Cults, Vengeances, and Lone WolvesUzi Meshulam CultThe Jerusalem Groups: The Ein Kerem Group and the Lifta GangSpontaneous VengeanceInterim Summary: The Exceptional GroupsMental Health and External EventsVengeance, Counterculture, and Mental DisturbancesThe Lone AvengersThe Mindset of the Lone Wolves8. In the Name of God, the People, and the Land: Reassessment of the Causes of Jewish TerrorismComparing Jewish Terrorism with Other Manifestations of Religious TerrorismConcluding Remarks: Looking AheadGlossaryChronology of Attacks and Events Related to Jewish TerrorismNotesIndex
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