In response to the grim realities of the present world Jewish thought has not tended to retreat into eschatological fantasy, but rather to project utopian visions precisely on to the present moment, envisioning redemptions that are concrete, immanent, and necessarily political in nature. In difficult times and through shifting historical contexts, the messianic hope in the Jewish tradition has functioned as a political vision: the dream of a peaceful kingdom, of a country to return to, or of a leader who will administer justice among the nations. Against this background, it is unsurprising that Jewish messianism in modern times has been transposed, and lives on in secular political movements and ideologies.
The purpose of this book is to contribute to the deeper understanding of the relationship between Jewish thought, utopia, and revolution, by taking a fresh look at its historical and religious roots. We approach the issue from several perspectives, with differences of opinion presented both in regard to what Jewish tradition is, and how to regard utopia and revolution. These notions are multifaceted, comprising aspects such as political messianism, religious renewal, Zionism, and different forms of Marxist and Anarchistic movements.
Elena Namli is Professor of Ethics and research director for the Centre of Russian and Eurasian Studies at Uppsala University. Jayne Svenungsson is Associate Professor of Systematic Theology at Stockholm School of Theology. Alana Vincent is Lecturer in Jewish Studies at the University of Chester.
Elena Namli, Jayne Svenungsson, and Alana M. Vincent: Introduction Victor Jeleniewski Seidler: Tikkun Olam-"Repairing the World": Embodying Redemption and Utopia Catherine Chalier: Jewish Hope Versus Revolutionary Hope Mattias Martinson: Adorno, Revolution, and Negative Utopia Michael Loewy: Utopia and Revolution: The Romantic Socialism of Gustav Landauer and Martin Buber Jayne Svenungsson: A Secular Utopia: Remarks on the Loewith-Blumenberg Debate Carl Cederberg: Thinking Revolution With and Beyond Levinas Alana M. Vincent: Topos and Utopia: The Place of Art in the Revolution Oleg Budnitskii: Berlin Debates: The Jews and the Russian Revolution Elena Namli: Jewish Rationalism, Ethics, and Revolution: Hermann Cohen in Nevel Alexandra Polyan: Reflections of Revolutionary Movements in American Yiddish Poetry: The Case of Proletpen Jon Wittrock: Nihilism and the Resurrection of Political Space: Hannah Arendt's Utopia? Bjoern Thorsteinsson: Left (in) Time: Hegel, Benjamin, and Derrida Facing the Status Quo Works Cited About the Contributors Index