Following the rise of Islam, many Jewish communities lived in predominantly Muslim lands. Muslim-Jewish co-existence was not seriously challenged until the modern period when European colonialism and the emergence of Zionism and Arab nationalism led to growing friction and conflict, resulting in the mass departures of Jews from these lands in the middle of the twentieth century.
Jews and Muslims throws light on the history of these communities and on the developments that led to the snapping of ties between Jews and Muslims by focusing on the century before the end of Jewish life in these areas. It interweaves analysis with translations of primary documents drawn from the archives of a French-Jewish organization, the Alliance Israelite Universelle, that had an extensive Jewish school network around the Mediterranean basin and whose teachers reported extensively on local events and trends over the decades. It illuminates the political, socio-economic, and cultural changes that eroded the place of Jews in Middle Eastern societies and offers a unique perspective, from within, on the historical background of some of the most vexing problems of the modern Middle East.
National Jewish Book Awards Honor Book
Aron Rodrigue is Eva Lokey Chernov Professor in Jewish Studies and professor of history at Stanford University. His latest book is Sephardi Jewry: A History of the Judeo-Spanish Community, 14th-20th Centuries (with Esther Benbassa).National Jewish Book Awards Honor Book
AcknowledgmentsA Note on the DocumentsMapIntroductionAn Overview of the Alliance's ActivitiesPART ONE THE SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS OF THE ALLIANCE ISRAELITE UNIVERSELLEInstruction in the Alliance SchoolsThe Alliance Teaching CorpsPART TWO THE DISCOURSE OF THE ALLIANCE TEACHERS AND THE "CIVILIZING" OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITIES IN THE LANDS OF ISLAMThe Moralizing AgendaThe Emancipation and Reformation of WomenThe Transformation of the Social Structure of the Jewish CommunityThe Critique of Traditional JudaismThe War of LanguagesA Portrait of the CommunitiesThe Impact of the West and the Alliance SchoolsPART THREE THE ALLIANCE TEACHER AS POLITICAL ACTIVIST AND POLITICAL OBSERVERThe Task of ProtectionThe Teacher as Patriot and Advocate of the JewsThe Age of NationalismConclusionGlossaryBibliographyIndex of Personal NamesIndex of Place Names