Johann Georg Hamann and the Enlightenment Project
By: Robert Sparling (author)Hardback
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Johann Georg Hamann (1730-1788) was a German philosopher who offered in his writings a radical critique of the Enlightenment's reverence for reason. A pivotal figure in the Sturm und Drang movement, his thought influenced such writers as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Johann Gottfried Herder. As a friend of Immanuel Kant, Hamann was the first writer to comment on the Critique of Pure Reason, and his work foreshadows the linguistic turn in philosophy as well as numerous elements of twentieth century hermeneutics and existentialism. Johann Georg Hamann and the Enlightenment Project addresses Hamann's oeuvre from the perspective of political philosophy, focusing on his views concerning the public use of reason, social contract theory, autonomy, aesthetic morality and the politics of 'taste,' and the technocratic ideal of enlightened despotism. Robert Alan Sparling situates Hamann's work historically, elucidates his somewhat difficult writing, and argues for his relevance in the ongoing culture wars over the merits of the Enlightenment project.
Robert Alan Sparling is a post-doctoral fellow in the Department of Political Studies at McGill University.
Note on Citation Acknowledgements Preface PART I : Enlightenment and Hamann's Reaction * Introduction: The Enlightenment as a Historical Movement and Political Project * Enlightenment as a Contested Concept * Hamann and His Age * Transfiguring the Enlightenment: Hamann and the Problem of Public Reason * Public, Private, and the Unmundige: The Closed and the Open in 'Public Reason' *Bon Sens and the Impersonal Public in Public Reason * The Personal and Its Relationship to Poetry, Myth, and 'Metaschematism' * Poetry, Philosophy, and Public Discourse: Aufklarung oder Verklarung PART II : The Politics of Metacritique: Hamann contra Kant * Critique and Metacritique: Kant and Hamann *Metakritik uber den Purismum der Vernunft: Exegesis * Varieties of Copernican Turn * Did Hamann Miss His Mark? * The a Priori and Language * The Ideas of God and the Person * The Divine Idea * The Soul and the Person * The Soul in Community: Dignity, Autonomy * Conclusion PART III : Language and the City in Modern Natural Law: Hamann's Controversy with Mendelssohn *Leviathan and Jerusalem: Rights and 'the Laws of Wisdom and Goodness' *Leviathan and Jerusalem * Hamann and Natural Rights * Divine Law, Property, and Justice * Conclusion: Rights, Community and Leviathan * Faith, Inside and Out: Convictions versus Actions, Eternity versus History * The Externals * Hamann on History and Eternity, External and Internal * Liberal Peace and Illiberal Tension: Tolerance versus Tolerance * Language and Society * Mendelssohn on the Limits of Language * Hamann on the Priority of Language * Appendix: Hamann and Judaism PART IV : Practical Reflections of an Impractical Man: Hamann contra Frederick II * The Language of Enlightenment and the Practice of Despotism: J.G. Hamann's Polemics against Frederick the Great * Enlightened Despotism * Frederick and the Politics of Enlightenment: Manufacturing Prussians * Hamann's Relationship with Royal Power * Theory and Practice * What Is to Be Done? PART V : Aesthetics: Hamann's Anti-Artistic Aestheticism * Aesthetic, All Too Aesthetic: Hamann on the Battle between Poetry and Philosophy * Being and Becoming: Hamann's Ambiguous Relationship to Platonism * Passions, Sexuality, and the Body * Creativity and Genius * Poetic Reception: Hamann on Enlightenment Taste *'Only a God Can Save Us' * Neither Art Nor Philosophy: Assessing Hamann's Foundational Aesthetics * Conclusion * Conclusion Bibliography
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