John Locke is one of the great minds in educational history. Drawing on his perceptive observations of families and children he saw the importance of adapting learning to the child's dispositions. Critical of schools, he is the fountainhead of home tutoring, child-centred learning, and the importance of enjoyable learning. But for Locke learning was not about facts: a good education produced gentlemen who could in turn adapt themselves to commerce and politics. Locke's philosophy helped provide rigour to the scientific revolution, the impetus for the expansion of schools for the poor (which should be profitable) and child psychology.
Alexander Mosely sets Locke's educational writings in their context with a sensitive reading of what Locke understood by `education' and highlights the relevance of the study of Locke's work to our understanding of education today.
Alexander Moseley is the author of several philosophy books including An Introduction to Political Philosophy, An A-Z of Philosophy and Aristotle in this educational series. He has authored two novels and lectured at the University of Evansville, US, before setting up his own educational company which he runs with his wife, Moira.
Series Editor's Preface Foreword Part I: Intellectual Biography 1. Introduction 2. Educational Experience 3. Somerset 4. Puritanism 5. Dr Samuel Crook 6. Parents 7. Westminster - Busby 8. Oxford - Owen 9. The Scientific and Philosophical Revolution 10. Robert Boyle 11. Rene Descartes 12. Humanism 13. The Renaissance Child 14. Montaigne 15. Comenius 16. Port Royal Schools 17. Ashley Cooper and Locke's Intellectual Break 18. Locke's Later Years Part II: Critical Assessment of Locke's Educational Theories 19. Introduction 20. Philosophical Overview 21. Innatism 22. Ideas 23. Words 24. Knowledge 25. Criticisms of the Essay Locke's Theory of Education 26. Aristotelian Roots 27. Education's Purpose 28. Faith and Religion 29. Breeding 30. Nature/Nurture Debate 31. Freedom and Will 32. Early Education 33. Middle Education 34. Scholarly Education 35. But Not for the Poor 36. Political Man and his Education 37. Continued Study 38. Summary Part III: The Reception and Influence of Locke's Work 39. Immediate Response and Impact 40. Philosophical Legacy 41. The Two Bishops' Responses: Berkeley 42. Locke's Legacy in the Philosophy of Education The Eighteenth Century The Rousseau Distortion Kant Adam Smith Wollstonecraft The Nineteenth Century The Twentieth Century Part IV: The Relevance of John Locke Today 43. Introduction 44. On Being Relevant 45. The Political-Educational Model 46. Education's Usefulness 47. Lockean Realism 48. Critique of Schools and Families 49. State Education 50. The 'State as Parent' Critique 51. Free Market Education 52. School Curricula Bibliography Index