Journalism - 1908: Birth of a Profession

Journalism - 1908: Birth of a Profession

By: Betty Houchin Winfield (editor)Paperback

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The year 1908 was not remarkable by most accounts, but it was an auspicious year for journalism. As newspapers sought to recover from big-city yellow journalism, circulation wars, and the extremes of Spanish American War coverage, press clubs began to champion higher education. And schools dedicated to journalism education, led by the University of Missouri, began to emerge. Now sanctioned by universities, journalism could teach acceptable behavior and establish credentials. It was nothing less than the birth of a profession."Journalism - 1908" opens a window on mass communication a century ago. It tells how the news media in the United States were fundamentally changed by the creation of academic departments and schools of journalism, by the founding of the National Press Club, and by exciting advances that included early newsreels, the introduction of halftones to print, and even changes in newspaper design.Journalism educator Betty Houchin Winfield has gathered a team of well-known media scholars, all specialists in particular areas of journalism history, to examine the status of their profession in 1908: news organizations, business practices, media law, advertising, forms of coverage from sports to arts, and more. Various facets of journalism are explored and situated within the country's history and the movement toward reform and professionalism - not only formalized standards and ethics but also labor issues concerning pay, hours, and job differentiation that came with the emergence of new technologies.This overview of a watershed year is national in scope, examining early journalism education programs not only at Missouri, but also at such schools as Colgate, Washington and Lee, Wisconsin, and Columbia. It also reviews the status of women in the profession and looks beyond big-city papers to Progressive Era magazines, the immigrant press, and African American publications. "Journalism - 1908" commemorates a century of progress in the media and, given the place of Missouri's School of Journalism in that history, is an appropriate celebration of that school's centennial celebration.

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About Author

Betty Houchin Winfield is University of Missouri Distinguished Curators' Professor and the author of three books, including FDR and the News Media.


Introduction; Emerging Journalism Professionalism and Modernity by Betty Houchin Winfield; The Scene in 1908; 1908: A Very Political Year for the Press by Betty Houchin Winfield; From Whiskey Ads to the Reverend Jellyfish: Media Law in 1908 by Sandra Davidson; Modernization Journalism Comes of Age; Community Journalism: A Continuous Objective by William Howard Taft; Press Clubs Champion Journalism Education by Stephen Banning; Philosophy at Work: Ideas Made a Difference by Hans Ibold and Lee Wilkins; Institutional Rumblings and Change; Power, Irony, and Contradictions Education and the News Business by Fred Blevens; The Age of "Glory and Risk": The Advertising Industry; Finds Its Worth by Caryl Cooper; Journalism's Extended Family; Work in Progress Labor and the Press in 1908 by Bonnie Brennen; Good Women and Bad Girls: Women and Journalism in 1908 by Martine H. Beasley; General Assignment Plus; Sports Journalism and the New American Character of Energy and Leisure by Tracy Everbach ; Enter Stage Right Critics Flex Their Muscles in the Heyday of the Performances by Scott Fosdick; 1908: The Beginnings of Globalization of Journalism Education by John C. Merrill and Hans Ibold; The Look of 1908 Newspaper Design Status at a Turning Point in Journalism by Lori England Wegman; Journalism's Concurent Voices; Reform Consumes Social Tumult on the Pages of Progressive Era Magazines by Janice Hume; Foreign Voices Yearning to Breathe Free: The Early Twentieth-Century Immigrant Press in the United States by Berkley Hudson; Forced to the Margins: The Early Twentieth-Century African American Press by Earnest Perry and Aimee Edmondson; Conclusion; 1908: The Aftermath by Betty Houchin Winfield.

Product Details

  • publication date: 15/09/2008
  • ISBN13: 9780826218131
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9780826218131
  • weight: 567
  • ISBN10: 082621813X

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