Journalism Today: A Themed History provides a cultural approach to journalism's history through the exploration of overarching concepts, as opposed to a typical chronological overview. Rich with illuminating stories and biographies of key figures, it sheds new light on the relationship between the press and society and how each has shaped the other. * Thematic study of the history of journalism, examining the role of journalism in democracy, the influence of new technology, the challenge of balancing ethical values, and the role of the audience * Charts the influence of the historical press for today s news in print, broadcast, and new media * Situates journalism in a rich cultural context with lively examples and case studies that bring the subject alive for contemporary readers * Provides a comparative analysis of American, British, and international journalism * Helpful feature boxes on important figures and case studies enhance student understanding of the development of journalism and news as we know it today, providing a convenient springboard for follow-up work.
Jane L. Chapman is Professor of Communications at University of Lincoln School of Journalism and visiting Fellow at Cambridge University and University College Dublin School of History. Her books include Issues in Contemporary Documentary (2009); Broadcast Journalism: a Critical Introduction (with Marie Kinsey, 2008); Documentary in Practice (2007) and the best-selling Comparative Media History (2005). Her research interests include press history and the media's relationship to women and indigenous minorities. Nick Nuttall is senior lecturer and MA program leader at the University of Lincoln School of Journalism. He worked for many years in East Africa, the Middle East and Cyprus, writing on travel and communication issues. He has authored a chapter on Truman Capote and New Journalism for The Journalistic Imagination (2007) as well as a chapter on investigative journalism for the latest edition of The Newspapers Handbook (2006). His research interests include New Journalism, press history, and the gonzo journalism of Hunter S. Thompson.
Preface: How To Use the Book and Summary of Sections viii Acknowledgments xiv Introduction: The Uses and Abuses of History: Why Bother With It ? 1 Part I: Journalism and Democracy: A Sibling Rivalry? 13 1 A Right To Know 15 Resume: Walter Lippmann 19 Resumes: The Founding Fathers 23 FactFile: The Development of Rights and Liberties 26 2 The Road Not Taken 30 Resume: Tom Paine 35 FactFile: Anthony Haswell and Freedom of the Press 38 Resume: Edward Smith Hall An Australian Pioneer 41 FactFile: Habermas and the Changing Public Sphere 44 FactFile: The Lincoln Douglas Debates 48 3 Digging the Dirt 55 Resume: Lincoln Steffens 59 Resume: S. S. McClure 60 Resume: John Dewey 66 Resume: Henry Luce 70 4 Spinning a Good Yarn and Developing Community 75 FactFile: The Pseudo-Event 82 Resume: Ivy Lee 85 Resume: Edward Bernays 86 FactFile: Neoliberalism s Threat to Community 88 Part II: Technology, Work, and Business: Is Journalism More Than Just a Job? 97 5 Changing Roles in a Changing World 99 FactFile: The Cold Type Revolution 101 Resume: Lord Beaverbrook 104 Resume: Charles Dana 107 Resume: William Cobbett 110 Resume: John Stuart Mill 111 6 A New Journalism For A New Age 120 Resume: Joseph Pulitzer 121 Resume: Alfred Harmsworth, Lord Northcliffe 123 Resume: E. L. Godkin 126 FactFile: Appeal to Reason 132 FactFile: Ida M. Tarbell and Standard Oil 134 7 He Who Pays The Piper 140 FactFile: Advertising, Class, and the Daily Herald 142 FactFile: Forza Italia 143 FactFile: The Broadcast Reform Movement, 1928-35 149 FactFile: Edward R. Murrow and See It Now 151 8 A Power Worth Fighting For 160 FactFile: Rupert Murdoch and News Corporation 162 FactFile: Cable News Network and the "CNN Effect" 164 Part III: Ethics: A Matter of Judgment? 173 9 Private and Confidential? 175 FactFile: Privacy Codes in the United States 183 FactFile: Privacy Codes in Great Britain 185 10 Fakes, Rakes, and "On The Take" 200 FactFile: Faking It 210 Part IV: Audience: Citizen Consumer or Consumer Citizen? 219 11 Finding an Audience 221 FactFile: News Values 225 FactFile: Joe and Jolene Sixpack 231 Resume: George Newnes 239 Resume: C. P. Scott and the Manchester Guardian 242 12 How Audiences Rewrote the Script 247 FactFile: La Fronde 253 FactFile: Le Petit Journal 256 FactFile: Audience Reaction to W. T. Stead's "Maiden Tribute of Modern Babylon" 265 13 Watching and Listening 272 FactFile: Leo Lowenthal and Celebrity "Idols" 276 FactFile: Measuring the Audience 281 Resume: Marshall McLuhan 286 Part V: Conclusion: A Future History 297 14 Paper Tigers? 299 Resume: Paul Julius Reuter 303 FactFile: The "Net Benefit to Canada" Test 306 Index 317