Abstract; Preface and acknowledgements; Introduction; Chapter I. Two vivid personalities; Chapter II. The clash of ideologies; Chapter III. Manuscripts & editions; Chapter IV. Seminal musicoloists' hypotheses; Chapter V. Another secret chromatic art; Chapter VI. A "right royal" sextet; Chapter VII. Canon conundrum and solution; Chapter VIII. Recent scholarly contributions; Chapter IX. Two exceptional fugues; Chapter X. An old-fashioned sonata da chiesa; Chapter XI. Arte canonica resolute; Chapter XII. A canon or a cannon?; Chapter XIII. Bach, Mizler, their legacy and posterity; Chapter XIV. Tempo, phrasing, articulation and dynamics versus listeners' perceptions; Chapter XV. The palindrome and Quintilian; Chapter XVI. A partial score and some performance suggestions; Chapter XVII. A coda, a reflection and a valediction; Endnotes; Bibliography.