Judas of Nazareth: How the Greatest Teacher of First-Century Israel Was Replaced by a Literary Creation
By: Daniel T. Unterbrink (author), Barrie Wilson (foreword_author)Paperback
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Scholars have spent years questioning aspects of the historical Jesus. How can we know what Jesus said and did when Jesus himself wrote nothing? Can we trust the Gospels, written by unknown authors 40 to 70 years after Jesus' death? And why do other sources from the time not speak of this messianic figure known as Christ? Drawing on the histories of Josephus, Tacitus, Suetonius, and Pliny as well as the Dead Sea Scrolls, Daniel Unterbrink contends that the "Jesus" of the Bible was actually a composite figure, a clever blend of the Jewish freedom-fighter Judas the Galilean and Paul's divine-human Christ figure created in the middle of the first century CE. Revealing why Paul was known as a liar, enemy, and traitor in other Jewish literature, he shows that the New Testament Gospels are not transcripts of actual history but creative works of historical fiction designed to promote Paul's Christianity and serve the interests of the fledgling Gentile Christian communities. He demonstrates how each Gospel is written in light of the success of Paul's religion and dependent upon his later perspective.
Daniel T. Unterbrink is the author of Judas the Galilean, New Testament Lies, and The Three Messiahs. A retired forensic auditor, he has turned his analytical prowess to the historical origins of Christianity. He lives in Columbus, Ohio.
Foreword by Barrie WilsonAcknowledgmentsA Brief Explanation of the Major Political-Religious MovementsIntroduction: The Scholarly MistakeAbout the SourcesThe Controversy Surrounding the Slavonic JosephusBuilding on Previous ScholarshipPart OneThe Life and Times of Judas the Galilean and Jesus of NazarethThe Road to the Fourth Philosophy1 Hellenistic and Roman InfluencesA Short History of HellenismRomans, Herodians, and the Fourth PhilosophyThe Fourth Philosophy's Plan of Action2 Primary Text References to Jesus JosephusSuetonius and TacitusThe Letter of Pliny the Younger to TrajanThe Dead Sea ScrollsPart TwoPaul, Apostle to the GentilesThe Making of a Messiah3 Traditional versus Historical PaulThe Traditional PaulQuestions Concerning the Traditional PaulA More Historical PaulIs Paul a Herodian?Is Paul a Pharisee?4 James the Just and Paul the Liar Rich and PoorFaith and DeedsTaming the TongueWisdomThe LawThe Liar, the Enemy, and the Traitor5 Paul's Family Ties All in the FamilyDiffering PathsThe Making of a MessiahPaul's RevelationsTwo Messiahs in JerusalemQuestionable Family Ties--Paul's Sister and NephewPaul's Escape from Jerusalem6 Paul's Motivation Paul and JerusalemPaul and Fund-RaisingFinancial Exploitation Using the Jesus MovementSimon the MagicianPaul's DilemmaPart ThreeThe Creation of Jesus of NazarethPaul's Hand in the Gospels7 Foundation Legends The Martyrdom of Peter and PaulThe Author of the Gospel of MarkThe Flight of Jerusalem Christians to Pella8 The Gospel of Mark Problems with the Composition of MarkPaul's Involvement with the Gospel of MarkLanguage of the Dead Sea Scrolls9 The Gospel of Matthew Matthew's Use of MarkExamining the M MaterialThe M Source and the Slavonic Josephus (SJ)To the GentilesWho? Why? Where? and When?10 The Gospel of Luke Luke's SourcesPaul's Adaptation of MithraismJohn the BaptistThe Time Lines in LukeThe Problem of QLuke's Agenda Concerning Historical Data11 The Acts of the ApostlesReliance on JosephusThe Agenda of ActsIs Paul of Tarsus Invented?The New Jesus and the New Paul12 The Gospel of John DionysusThe Word Becomes FleshDemonization of the JewsWhat Is Truth?Conclusion: The Real Jesus of Nazareth Forty-Two Similarities Shared by Judas the Galilean and JesusAppendix A. The Messianic Time LinesThe Jewish Jesus Movement and The Fourth PhilosophyThe Christ Movement (Paul's Gentile Mission)The Jesus of Nazareth MovementAppendix B. John the Baptist The Traditional ViewpointWhat Really HappenedThe Real History of the Jewish Jesus MovementAppendix C. Pontius Pilate Appendix D. The Slavonic Josephus Thirteen PassagesThe Slavonic Josephus versus AntiquitiesThe Slavonic Josephus versus the GospelsOther Opinions on the Slavonic JosephusAuthor's Opinion on the Slavonic JosephusNotes Bibliography Index
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