Never before available in English, Judgment is a work of startling power by David Bergelson, the most celebrated Yiddish prose writer of his era.
Set in 1920 during the Russian Civil War, Judgment (titled Mides-hadin in Yiddish) traces the death of the shtetl and the birth of the "new, harsher world" created by the 1917 Russian Revolution. As Bolshevik power expanded toward the border between Poland and Ukraine, Jews and non-Jews smuggled people, goods, and anti-Bolshevik literature back and forth. In the novel's fictional town of Golikhovke, the Bolsheviks have established their local outpost in a former monastery, where the non-Jewish Filipov acts as the arbiter of "judgment" and metes out punishments and executions to the prisoners held there: Yuzi Spivak, arrested for anti-Bolshevik activities; Aaron Lemberger, a pious and wealthy Jew; a seductive woman referred to as "the blonde" who believes she can appease Filipov with sex; and a memorable cast of toughs, smugglers, and criminals.
Ordinary people, depicted in a grotesque, aphoristic style-comparable to Isaac Babel's Red Cavalry-confront the overwhelming, mysterious forces of history, whose ultimate outcome remains unknown. Murav and Senderovich's new translation expertly captures Bergelson's inimitable modernist style.
David Bergelson (1884-1952), a Jewish novelist, short-story writer, and literary editor, was born in Ukraine. He moved to Berlin in 1921 and lived there, traveling throughout Europe and the United States, until Hitler came to power in Germany. He returned to the Soviet Union in 1934, where he was eventually executed under Stalin's orders. The author of The End of Everything and Descent, Bergelson was one of the most widely read Yiddish-language writers of the twentieth century. Harriet Murav is a professor of Russian literature, comparative literature, and Jewish studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. She is the author of Music from a Speeding Train: Jewish Literature in Post-Revolution Russia and Holy Foolishness: Dostoevsky's Novels and the Poetics of Cultural Critique. Sasha Senderovich is an assistant professor of Russian and Jewish Studies at the University of Colorado Boulder. He has published on Soviet Jewish culture and literature, including on Yiddish writer Moyshe Kulbak's novel The Zelmenyaners, as well as on contemporary fiction by emigre Russian Jewish writers in America.