Judicial Process in America (10th Revised edition)

Judicial Process in America (10th Revised edition)

By: Ronald C. Stidham (author), Kenneth L. Manning (author), Lisa M. Holmes (author), Robert A. Carp (author)Paperback

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Description

The book considers judges, lawyers, and litigants, as well as the variables at play in judicial decision making. In this Tenth Edition, the authors examine the recent Supreme Court rulings on same-sex marriage and health care subsidies, the effect of three women justices on the Court's patterns of decision, and the policy-making role of state tribunals. Original data on the decision-making behaviour of the Obama trial judges-which are unavailable anywhere else-ensure this text's position as a standard bearer in the field. New to This Edition *Comprehensive analysis of court dynamics, including the impact of three women on the U.S. Supreme Court; Chief Justice John G. Roberts' leadership on the Supreme Court; the new Attorney General of the United States, Loretta Lynch; the voting patterns of Democrats and Republicans on the trial court bench; and the decisional patterns of the Obama appointees. *New coverage of current topics: *Gay and lesbian rights, including analysis of Obergefell v. Hodges *The Hobby Lobby case and judicial lobbying *The trial of the Boston Marathon bomber *The legality of the use of drones at home and abroad *The legal implications of disclosures by Edward Snowden via WikiLeaks *The Supreme Court decisions on the Affordable Care Act *The legal ramifications of the use of the Confederate battle flag by government entities *Issues of immigration and deportations, including the so-called Dreamers

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About Author

Robert A. Carp is professor of political science at the University of Houston. He is coauthor ofPolicymaking and Politics in the Federal Courts; Politics and Judgment in Federal District Courts; the Federal Courts, fourth edition, with Ronald Stidham; and numerous articles on judicial process. Ronald Stidham is professor emeritus of Government and Justice Studies at Appalachian State University. He is coauthor of The Federal Courts, Fifth Edition, with Robert A. Carp and Kenneth L. Manning; The State Courts, with Robert A. Carp and Kenneth L. Manning; and numerous articles in legal, social science, and criminal justice journals. Kenneth L. Manning is professor of political science at the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. He is coauthor with Robert A. Carp and Ronald Stidham of The Federal Courts (Fifth Edition) and The State Courts, and coeditor of Political Perspectives: Essays on Government and Politics. Manning's work on the politics of judicial decision-making and federal judicial selection have been published in a variety of journals.

Contents

Chapter 1: Foundations of Law in the United States Definition of Law Sources of Law in the United States Types of Law Functions of Law The United States and the Rule of Law A Litigious Society Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 2: The Federal Judicial System The Historical Context The U.S. Supreme Court The U.S. Court of Appeals U.S. District Courts Constitutional Courts, Legislative Courts, and Courts of Specialized Jurisdiction Administrative and Staff Support in the Federal Judiciary Federal Court Workload Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 3: State Judicial Systems Historical Development of State Courts State Court Organization Norm Enforcement in the State Courts The Courtroom Work Group Administrative Hearings in the States Policymaking in the State Courts Innovation in State Courts Administrative and Staff Support in the State Judiciary State Court Workload Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 4: Jurisdiction and Policymaking Boundaries Federal Courts Jurisdiction of State Courts Jurisdiction and Legislative Politics Judicial Self-Restraint Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 5: State Judges Qualifications and Backgrounds of State Judges The Selection Process for State Judges The Retirement and Removal of State Judges Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 6: Federal Judges Background Characteristics of Federal Judges Formal and Informal Qualifications of Federal Judges The Federal Selection Process and Its Participants The Judicial Socialization Process The Retirement and Removal of Judges Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 7: Policy Links between the Citizenry, the President, and the Federal Judiciary The President and the Composition of the Judiciary Presidents' Values and Their Appointees' Decisions President Barack Obama and the Federal Judiciary Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 9: Crime and Procedures Prior to a Criminal Trial The Nature and Substance of Crime Categories of Crime Elements of a Crime Procedures prior to a Criminal Trial Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 10: The Criminal Trial and Its Aftermath Procedures during a Criminal Trial Procedures after a Criminal Trial Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 11: The Civil Court Process The Nature and Substance of Civil Law The Main Categories of Civil Law The Courts and Other Institutions Concerned with Civil Law The Civil Trial Process Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 12: Decision Making by Trial Court Judges The Legal Subculture The Democratic Subculture The Subcultures as Predictors Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 13: Decision Making in Collegial Courts Cue Theory Small-Group Analysis Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 14: Implementation and Impact of Judicial Policies The Impact of Higher Court Decisions on Lower Courts Congressional Influences on the Implementation Process Executive Branch Influences on the Implementation Process Other Implementers The Impact of Judicial Policies Summary Further Thought and Discussion Questions Suggested Resources Chapter 15: Policymaking by American Judges: A Synthesis The Nature of the Case or Issue The Values and Orientations of the Judges The Nature of the Judicial Decision-Making Process The Impact of Extraneous Influences

Product Details

  • publication date: 24/02/2016
  • ISBN13: 9781483378251
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 488
  • ID: 9781483378251
  • weight: 522
  • ISBN10: 148337825X
  • edition: 10th Revised edition

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