This book is the second in a series of three texts which cover the needs of students studying agriculture at the Junior Secondary Level. The topics covered emphasize both the scientific principles involved in good agriculture practice and the importance of the subject in an economic sense. Each chapter contains factual information which the teacher can lead the class through or which the students can read on their own. The inclusion of exercises and questions is a valuable aid to the teacher. These stimulate the student for work in the laboratories, encourage discussion and inspire further relevant activities outside the classroom.
Part 1 Plant cells and tissues: the cell; plant tissues; internal structure of the leaf, stem and root; monocot internal structure. Part 2 Propagation of garden plants: the garden nursery; seedboxes; the seedbox; transplanting. Part 3 Water and nutrient requirements of garden plants: water and plants; nutrient requirements of plants; maintenance and increase of nutrient supplies; how the soil loses its nutrients. Part 4 Manures and fertilizers: organic manures; importance of organic matter to the soil; inorganic fertilizers; fertilizer application. Part 5 Properties of the soil: physical properties of soil; chemical properties of soil; physical conditions of soil. Part 6 Cultivation of the soil: tillage; drainage; irrigation. Part 7 Vegetable production: types of vegetables; field land preparation; planting materials; soil nutrients; other cultural practices; pest and disease control; harvesting; marketing. Part 8 Goat production: economics of goat production; breeding and selection; breeds of goats; feeding and nutrition; management systems; breeding goats; the kid; weaning; milk production; meat production; diseases and pests of goats; routine grooming and sanitation of animals. Part 9 Pig production: breeds of pigs reared in the Caribbean; feeding and nutrition; management systems; breeding; farrowing; weaning; diseases and pests of pigs; pig products. Part 10 Mechanization of the farm; machinery in agriculture; sources and uses of energy; the tractor; land cultivation machinery; distributors; sowing and harvesting machinery; spraying and dusting machinery; dairy machinery; other power tools and farm equipment; safety rules when operating power equipment.