This monograph is devoted to the subject of justice systems in the principal legal families of the world. Principal attention is given to how the courts are organized, court procedure, the judiciary, procedural guarantees, and rights of the individual. The evolution of justice is analyzed against the background of various historical civilizations and epochs, making it possible to more fully examine the tasks and functions of courts in the modern world. The basic national and international models of justice are described with special reference to the Russian model of justice, its principles, its institutional and procedural fundamentals, and its future development, including the development of judicial procedure.
William E. Butler is The John Edward Fowler Distinguished Professor of Law at the Dickinson School of Law, Pennsylvania State University and Emeritus Professor of Comparative Law at University College London; Foreign Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, and the Russian Academy of Legal Sciences.
Part One Justice: Evolution, Significance, and Functions; Development of Doctrinal and Legislative Basic Principles of Justice; Justice in Legislation and Doctrine from the Seventeenth to Twenty-First Centuries; Justice in the Mechanism of Law-Application; Functions of Justice; Part Two Models of Justice in the Modern World; Justice in the Continental System of Law; Justice in the Common Law System; Islamic Model of Justice; Russian Model of Justice: The General and the Special; Models of Justice of Intergovernmental Integration Associations; Models of International Criminal Justice; Part Three Fundamental Principles of Justice; Doctrines of Law and Justice in Soviet and Modern Russian Legal Science; Principles of Justice; Principles and Standards of International Justice; Part Four Institutional Foundations of the Russian Model of Justice; Organization of the Judicial System; Judges and Justice; Judicial Community; Courts and Modern Information Technologies; Part Five Procedural Foundations of Russian Justice; General Principles of Proceedings; Civil Proceeding; Criminal Proceeding; Administrative Proceeding; Proceedings in Arbitrazh Courts; The Judicial Decision - Adoption and Realization; Part Six Specialized Courts and Procedure; Problems of Justice and Specialized Courts; Development of Administrative Justice; Juvenile Courts; Part Seven Mediation and Arbitration of Disputes; Mediation and Restorative Procedures in Modern Justice; Arbitration