Landscape is now on the agenda in a new way. The increasing interest in justice, power and the political landscape expresses a sea change occurring in the meaning of landscape itself, from landscape as scenery to landscape as polity and place. As Lionella Scazzosi argues "The meaning of the term `landscape' has become broader than that of a view or panorama, which characterized many national protection laws and policies until the middle of the 20th century, and that of environment or nature, to which it has often been limited during the recent years of environmentalist battles." This is reflected in the new European Landscape Convention, for which: "'Landscape' means an area, as perceived by people." The tide thus has turned towards J. B. Jackson's view of landscape as not "a scenic or ecological entity but as a political or cultural entity, changing in the course of history." It is in this socio-political context that it becomes necessary to consider the role of power, and the importance of justice, in the shaping of the landscape as an area of practice and performance with both cultural and environmental implications.
This book was previously published as two special issues of Landscape Research.
Kenneth R. Olwig is a Professor at the Department of Landscape Planning, Swedish University of Life Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden. Don Mitchell is a Professor at the Department of Geography, Syracuse University, USA.
1. Intro: Justice, Power and the Political Landscape Kenneth R. Olwig and Don Mitchell Part 1: Law, Polity and the Changing Meaning of Landscape 2. Editorial Kenneth R. Olwig 3. The Landscape of `Customary' Law versus that of `Natural' Law Kenneth R. Olwig 4. Between `Platial' Imaginations and Spatial Rationalities: Navigating Justice and Law in the Low Countries Tom Mels 5. Planning and the Picturesque: A Case Study of the Dunedin District Plan and its Application to the Management of the Landscape of the Otago Peninsula Marion Read 6. Turning Social Relations into Space: Property, Law and the Plaza of Santa Fe, New Mexico Don Mitchell & Lynn A. Staeheli 7. Lawyering Landscapes: Lawyers as Constituents of Landscape Deborah G. Martin & Alexander Scherr 8. Restoring Mill Creek: Landscape Literacy, Environmental Justice and City Planning and Design Anne Whiston Spirn 9. Conflict between Global and Local Land-Use Values in Latvia's Gauja National Park Gregory Taff Part 2: From American Space to the European Landscape Convention 10. Editorial Kenneth R. Olwig & Don Mitchell 11. The Geographies of a More Just Food System: Building Landscapes for Social Reproduction Carrie Breitbach 12. Work, Struggle, Death, and Geographies of Justice: The Transformation of Landscape in and beyond California's Imperial Valley Don Mitchell 13. The Practice of Landscape `Conventions' and the Just Landscape: The Case of the European Landscape Convention Kenneth R. Olwig 14. The ``Landscape Must Become the Law''-Or Should It? Gert Groening 15. The European Landscape Convention and the Question of Public Participation Michael Jones 16. Living with and Looking at Landscape David Lowenthal 17. Christo's Gates and Gilo's Wall W.J.T. Mitchell