Kalmykia is a constituent of the Russian Federation that shaped and has been developing within Russia for several centuries. Kalmykia was incorporated into the Russian state in the early second half of the 17th century, it was officially recognized by the Russian authorities and constituted as an ethno-political entity in the form of feudal khanate with the status of a virtually autonomous unit. The Kalmyk Khanate's status as a largely self-ruling area within the Russian Empire was gradually transformed into the status of a regular administrative territory under the Astrakhan governor. It received the status of a Republic from Stalin.Maksimov examines issues of interrelations between the Kalmyk people and Russia before and after the Kalmyks' accession to the Russian state. This book analyzes the Soviet national policy and the destiny of Kalmykia under the communist regime. The legal status of this republic and its development under the new Russian federalism are discussed in great details.
Konstantin N. Maksimov is Member of the Parliament, Republic of Kalmykia.
Introduction; Chapter 1: Russia's Policy towards Kalmyks (late 16th-mid-17th centuries); Chapter 2: Kalmyk Khanate as a Part of Russia (mid-17th-second half of 18th centuries); Chapter 3: Kalmykia's Status in the Russian Empire (late 18th-early 20th centuries); Chapter 4: Kalmyk Soviet Autonomous Oblast in the Years of Socialism Building (1917-1935); Chapter 5: Kalmyk Soviet Autonomous Republic under Totalitarianism and during Stagnation Period; Chapter 6: Kalmykia within the New Russian Federal System; Conclusion; Index of Names