Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals: A Commentary
By: Henry E. Allison (author)Paperback
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Henry E. Allison presents a comprehensive commentary on Kant's Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals (1785). It differs from most recent commentaries in paying special attention to the structure of the work, the historical context in which it was written, and the views to which Kant was responding. Allison argues that, despite its relative brevity, the Groundwork is the single most important work in modern moral philosophy and that its significance lies mainly in two closely related factors. The first is that it is here that Kant first articulates his revolutionary principle of the autonomy of the will, that is, the paradoxical thesis that moral requirements (duties) are self-imposed and that it is only in virtue of this that they can be unconditionally binding. The second is that for Kant all other moral theories are united by the assumption that the ground of moral requirements must be located in some object of the will (the good) rather than the will itself, which Kant terms heteronomy.
Accordingly, what from the standpoint of previous moral theories was seen as a fundamental conflict between various views of the good is reconceived by Kant as a family quarrel between various forms of heteronomy, none of which are capable of accounting for the unconditionally binding nature of morality. Allison goes on to argue that Kant expresses this incapacity by claiming that the various forms of heteronomy unavoidably reduce the categorical to a merely hypothetical imperative.
Henry E. Allison is Professor Emeritus at the University of California, San Diego, and Boston University. He is the author of many books, including Custom and Reason in Hume (OUP, 2008), and over seventy-five scholarly articles and reviews.
Acknowledgments ; Note on sources and key to abbreviations and translations ; Preface ; PART ONE: PRELIMINARIES ; 1. The Nature of and Need for a Metaphysic of Morals: An Analysis of the Preface of GMS ; 2. Universal Practical Philosophy and Popular Moral Philosophy ; PART TWO: GMS 1 ; 3. The Good Will ; 4. Maxims and Moral Worth Redux ; 5. Kant's Three Propositions, the Supreme Principle of Morality, and the Need for Moral Philosophy ; PART THREE: GMS 2 ; 6. Rational Agency and Imperatives ; 7. The Universal Law (FUL) and the Law of Nature (FLN) ; 8. The Formula of Humanity (FH) ; 9. Autonomy, Heteronomy, and Constructing the Categorical Imperative ; PART FOUR: GMS 3 ; 10. The Moral Law, the Categorical Imperative, and the Reciprocity Thesis ; 11. The Presupposition of Freedom, The Circle, and the two Standpoints ; 12. The Deduction of the Categorical Imperative and the Outermost Boundary of Practical Philosophy
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