The path towards democracy in Kenya has been long and often tortuous. Though it has been trumpeted as a goal for decades, democratic government has never been fully realised, largely as a result of the authoritarian excesses of the Kenyatta, Moi and Kibaki regimes.
This uniquely comprehensive study of Kenya's political trajectory shows how the struggle for democracy has been waged in civil society, through opposition parties, and amongst traditionally marginalised groups like women and the young. It also considers the remaining impediments to democratisation, in the form of a powerful police force and damaging structural adjustment policies. Thus, the authors argue, democratisation in Kenya is a laborious and non-linear process.
Kenyans' recent electoral successes, the book concludes, have empowered them and reinvigorated the prospects for democracy, heralding a more autonomous and peaceful twenty-first century.
Godwin R Murunga is a lecturer in history at Kenyatta University, Nairobi. Shadrack W. Nasong'o is currently Assistant Professor of International Studies, Rhodes College, Memphis.
Part I: Introduction 1 Prospects for Democracy in Kenya - Shadrack Wanjala Nasong'o and Godwin and R. Murunga Part II: Civil Society and the Politics of Opposition 2. Negotiating New Rules of the Game: Social Movements, Civil Society and the Kenyan Transition - Shadrack Wanjala Nasong'o 3. Religious Movements and Democratization in Kenya: Between the Sacred and the Profane - Margaret Gathoni Gecaga 4. The Contemporary Opposition in Kenya: Between Internal Traits and State Manipulation - Adams G.R. Oloo Part III: Major Consituencies in the Democratization Process 5. Leaders of Tomorrow? The Youth and Democratization in Kenya - Mshai S. Mwangola 6. Women in Kenya's Politics of Transition and Democratization - Shadrack Wanjala Nasong'o and Theodora O. Oyot 7. Intellectuals and the Democratisation Process in Kenya - Maurice N. Amutabi 8. The Role of the Police in Kenya's Democratisation Process - Edwin A. Gimode Part IV: Donors and the Politics of Structural Adjustment 9. Governance and the Politics of Structural Adjustment - Godwin R. Murunga 10. From Demiurge to Midwife: Changing Donor Rules in Kenya's Democratisation Process - Stephen Brown