In Kierkegaard's Romantic Legacy, Anoop Gupta develops an original theory of the self based on Kierkegaard's writings. Gupta proceeds by historical exegesis and considers several important ways of thinking about self outside of the natural sciences. His study moves theories of the self from theology toward sociology, from a God-relationship to a social one, and illustrates how a loss in theological underpinnings partly contributes to the rise in the popularity of cultural relativism. By drawing on Kierkegaard's writings, Gupta develops a metaphysical account of the self that provides an alternative to the idea that there is no such thing as human nature. Keywords: Kierkegaard; Philosophy; Theory of self; Metaphysics; Theology; Sociology.
Anoop K. Gupta is an independent scholar and recent Ph.D graduate in philosophy from the University of Ottawa.
Table of Contents Preface ix Acknowledgements x Documentation x Search for the Kierkegaardian Self 1 Kierkegaard's Theological Self 1 Structure of the Self 7 Despair 7 Analysis 11 2 Self-Becoming 15 Sin 15 Anxiety 16 A Cure 18 The Aesthetic Stage 20 The Ethical Stage 22 3 The God-Relationship 25 The Religious Stage 25 Motivation 29 God and Ethics 33 4 Self and Knowledge 39 Myself 39 Godless 44 5 Reflections and Appraisals 49 Life and Psychology 49 Modern Loss 55 The Sociological Self 6 Rousseau 61 Nature 61 Morality 65 The Social Being 67 7 Durkheim 69 Sociologist 69 Religion 71 Suicide 72 8 Winnicott 77 Dependence and Independence 77 Interdependence 79 Some Consequences For Practice 9 The Idea of Suicide 85 Moral Problem 85 Social Problem 87 10 Suicide and Schizophrenia 91 Suicide: Three Approaches 91 Schizophrenia: Three Approaches 94 11 Existential Psychology 99 Alfred Adler and Ludwig Binswanger 99 Rollo May 100 R. D. Laing 101 Comparisons 104 12 The Self According to Kierkegaard 107 Kierkegaard Revisited 107 Notes 111 References 129