Kinetics of Chemical Reactions: Decoding Complexity

Kinetics of Chemical Reactions: Decoding Complexity

By: Guy B. Marin (author), Gregory S. Yablonsky (author)Hardback

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This systematic presentation covers both experimental and theoretical kinetic methods, as well as fundamental and applied. The identification of dominant reaction paths, reaction intermediates and rate-determining steps allows a quantification of the effects of reaction conditions and catalyst properties, providing guidelines for catalyst optimization. In addition, the form in which the equations are presented allows for their straightforward implementation for scale-up and chemical reactor design purposes. Throughout, the methodologies given are illustrated by many examples.

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About Author

Professor Guy B. Marin is chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering at Ghent University (Belgium). He received his PhD degree from Ghent University in 1980. He took a position of full professor in 1988 at Eindhoven University of Technology (The Netherlands) where he taught chemical reactors. In 1997 he returned to Ghent as director of the Laboratory for Chemical Technology. He co-authored more tan 300 papers in international journals. Professor Marin is editor-in-chief of 'Advances in Chemical Engineering' and co-editor of the Chemical Engineering Journal. Chemical reaction and reactor engineering in general and reaction kinetics in particular are the main leads in his research program. Professor Gregory S. Yablonsky obtained his academic degrees from the Boreskov Institute of Catalysis (Novosibirsk, Russia). From 1995 until 2007, he worked in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, USA. Since 2007, he is working at Parks College and in the Department of Chemistry at Saint Louis University. Professor Yablonsky has been a Visiting Professor at several universities, in particular the National University of Singapore and Queen's University of Belfast (N. Ireland, UK). Since 2009, Yablonsky is a Honorary Professor of Ghent University. He has served as organizer and chairman of many international conferences on chemical kinetics, catalysis, and mathematical methods in chemical engineering. He has been involved in theoretical kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis research for over 30 years, and is author of more than 200 papers and six books.


INTRODUCTION Overview Decoding Complexity in Chemical Kinetics Three Types of Chemical Kinetics Challenges and Goals. How to Kill Chemical Complexity What our Book is Not About. Our Book among Other Books on Chemical Kinetics The Logic in the Reasoning of This Book How Chemical Kinetics and Mathematics are Interwoven in This Book History of Chemical Kinetics CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND COMPLEXITY Introduction Elementary Reactions and the Mass-Action Law The Reaction Rate and Net Rate of Production of a Component - A Big Difference Dimensions of the Kinetic Parameters and Their Order of Magnitude Conclusions KINETIC EXPERIMENTS: CONCEPTS AND REALIZATIONS Introduction Experimental Requirements Material Balances Classification of Reactors for Kinetic Experiments Formal Analysis of Typical Ideal Reactors Kinetic-Model-Free Analysis Diagnostics of Kinetic Experiments in Heterogeneous Catalysis CHEMICAL BOOK-KEEPING: LINEAR ALGEBRA IN CHEMICAL KINETICS Basic Elements of Linear Algebra Linear Algebra and Complexity of Chemical Reactions Conclusions STEADY-STATE CHEMICAL KINETICS: A PRIMER Introduction to Graph Theory Representation of Complex Mechanisms as Graphs How to Derive the Reaction Rate for a Complex Reaction Derivation of Steady-State Kinetic Equations for a Single-Route Mechanism - Examples Derivation of Steady-State Kinetic Equations for Multi-Route Mechanisms: Kinetic Coupling STEADY-STATE CHEMICAL KINETICS: MACHINERY Analysis of Rate Equations Apparent Kinetic Parameters: Reaction Order and Activation Energy How to Reveal Mechanisms Based on Steady-State Kinetic Data Conclusions LINEAR AND NONLINEAR RELAXATION. STABILITY Introduction Relaxation in a Closed System Stability - General Concept Simplifications of Non-Steady-State Models NONLINEAR MECHANISMS: STEADY STATE AND DYNAMICS Critical Phenomena Isothermal Critical Effects in Heterogeneous Catalysis: Experimental Facts Ideal Simple Models: Steady State Ideal Simple Models: Dynamics Structure of the Detailed Mechanism and Critical Phenomena: Relationships Non-Ideal Factors Conclusions KINETIC POLYNOMIALS "Linear" Introduction to the Nonlinear Problem: Reminder "Nonlinear" Introduction Principles of the Approach: Quasi-Steady-State Approximation. Mathematical Basis Kinetic Polynomials: Derivation and Properties Kinetic Polynomials: Classical Approximations and Simplifications Application of Results of the Kinetic-Polynomial Theory: Cycles Across an Equilibrium Critical Simplification Concluding Remarks TEMPORAL ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTS: PRINCIPLES, APPLICATIONS AND THEORY Introduction The TAP Experiment Description and Operation of a TAP Reactor System Basic Principle of TAP Position of TAP Among Other Kinetic Methods Qualitative TAP Data Analysis. Examples Quantitative TAP Data Description. Theoretical Analysis Kinetic Monitoring: Strategy of Interrogative Kinetics Theoretical Frontiers Conclusions: What Next? DECODING THE PAST Chemical Time and Intermediates. Early History Discovery of Catalysis and Chemical Kinetics Guldberg and Waage's Breakthrough Van 't Hoff's Revolution: Achievements and Contradictions Post-Van 't Hoff Period: Reaction Is Not a Single-Act Drama All-in-All Confusion: Attempts at Understanding Out of Confusion: Physicochemical Understanding Towards Mathematical Chemical Kinetics DECODING THE FUTURE A Great Achievement, A Great Illusion A New Paradigm for Decoding Chemical Complexity

Product Details

  • publication date: 20/07/2011
  • ISBN13: 9783527317639
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 446
  • ID: 9783527317639
  • weight: 1098
  • ISBN10: 3527317635

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