Kiumajut [Talking Back]: Game Management and Inuit Rights 1900-70 examines Inuit relations with the Canadian state, with a particular focus on two interrelated issues. The first is how a deeply flawed set of scientific practices for counting animal populations led policymakers to develop policies and laws intended to curtail the activities of Inuit hunters. Animal management informed by this knowledge became a justification for attempts to educate and, ultimately, to regulate Inuit hunters. The second issue is Inuit responses to the emerging regime of government intervention. The authors look closely at resulting court cases and rulings, as well as Inuit petitions. The activities of the first Inuit community council are also examined in exploring how Inuit began to "talk back" to the Canadian state.
The authors' award-winning previous collaboration, Tammarniit [Mistakes]: Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic 1939-63, focused on government responsibility, social welfare, and relocation in Inuit relations with the state. Kiumajut is not a continuation of Tammarniit, but rather an interrelated, stand-alone study that examines a separate range of issues relevant to a historical understanding of community development in Nunavut. Kiumajut draws on new material compiled from archival sources and from an archive of oral interviews conducted by the authors with Inuit elders and others between 1997 and 1999. This volume provides the reader with new and important insights for understanding this critical period in the history of Inuit in Canada.
Peter Kulchyski is a professor in the Department of Native Studies at the University of Manitoba, co-author with Frank Tester of Tammarniit [Mistakes]: Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic 1939-63, and author of Like the Sound of a Drum: Aboriginal Cultural Politics in Denendeh and Nunavut. Frank James Tester is a professor in the School of Social Work at the University of British Columbia and is the co-author of Tammarniit [Mistakes] and co-editor of Critical Choices: Turbulent Times.
List of Illustrations; Preface Introduction Part I: Managing the Game 1 Trapping and Trading: The Regulation of Inuit Hunting Prior to World War II 2 Sagluniit ("Lies"): Manufacturing a Caribou Crisis 3 Sugsaunngittugulli ("We Are Useless"): Surveying the Animals 4 Who Counts? Challenging Science and the Law Part II: Talking Back 5 Inuit Rights and Government Policy 6 Baker Lake, 1957: The Eskimo Council 7 Inuit Petition for Their Rights Conclusion: Contested Ground Notes; Bibliography; Index