Habermas describes Knowledge and Human Interests as an attempt to reconstruct the prehistory of modern positivism with the intention of analysing the connections between knowledge and human interests. Convinced of the increasing historical and social importance of the natural and behavioural sciences, Habermas makes clear how crucial it is to understand the central meanings and justifications of these sciences. He argues that for too long the relationship between philosophy and science has been distorted.
In this extraordinarily wide-ranging book, Habermas examines the principal positions of modern philosophy - Kantianism, Marxism, positivism, pragmatism, hermeneutics, the philosophy of science, linguistic philosophy and phenomenology - to lay bare the structure of the processes of enquiry that determine the meaning and the validity of all our statements which claim objectivity.
This edition contains a postscript written by Habermas for the second German edition of Knowledge and Human Interests.
Preface. Translator's Note. Part I: The Crisis of the Critique of Knowledge. 1. Hegel's Critique of Kant:. Radicalization or Abolition of the Theory of Knowledge. 2. Marx's Metacritique of Hegel:. Synthesis Through Social Labour. 3. The Idea of the Theory of Knowledge as Social Theory.. Part II: Positivism, Pragmatism, Historicism. 4. Comte and Mach: . The Intention of Early Positivism. 5. Peirce's Logic of Inquiry:. The Dilemma of a Scholastic Realism Restored by the Logic of Language. 6. The Self-Reflection of the Natural Sciences:. The Pragmatist Critique of Meaning. 7. Dilthey's Theory of Understanding Expression:. Ego Identity and Linguistic Communication. 8. The Self-Reflection of the Cultural Sciences:. The Historicist Critique of Meaning. Part III: Critique as the Unity of Knowledge and Interest. 9. Reason and Interest:. Retrospect on Kant and Fichte. 10. Self-Reflection as Science:. Freud's Psychoanalytic Critique of Meaning. 11. The Scientistic Self-misunderstanding of Meta-psychology: . On the Logic of General Interpretation. 12. Psychoanalysis and Social Theory:. Nieqzsche's Reduction of Cognitive Interests. Appendix. Knowledge and Human Interests: A General Perspective. Jurgen Habermas: A Postscript. Index.