Written by industry experts in the industry, Koi Culture is the first book to provide a scientifically based, thorough review of this commercially important species worldwide. An essential reference work for all those involved in koi breeding, farming and trading, including fish farmers, equipment providers, aquaculture scientists, and fish biologists, this important new reference covers historical aspects of koi culture, koi biology and genetics, basic principles of koi aquaculture, koi production, and the design and construction of a koi farm.
Servaas de Kock left university with a BSc degree in chemistry and physics, followed a career in scientific equipment and computers until retirement to pursue his passion for koi, and has been a fulltime Koi breeder since 1993. He has a passion for fish and a special interest in the development of the ornamental fish industry of South Africa. Ronnie Watt took part in establishing Orient Fish Farm in the Cullinan District. With Ronnie's personal stock of bloodline Koi and newly acquired breeding parent fish, Orient quickly established itself as a breeder of note of Shiro Utsuri and Goshiki. Ronnie served as trainee judge in Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong and South Africa. On his own and in partnership with Servaas de Kock, he has written extensively about Koi.
Part 1 Koi The Product . 1. The World of Koi. 1.1. Introduction. 1.2. History of Koi from the Far East to the Far West. P The period of variety development. P The period of refinement. 1.3. Historical developments of Koi aquaculture. 1.4. Koi bloodlines. 1.5. Koi biology. 1.6. Koi genetics. 1.7. Koi varieties. 1.8. The world of Koi. P Hobbyist organisation. P Trade organisations. P International distribution. 1.9. Koi art. 2. The World of Aquaculture. 2.1. Basic principles of Aquaculture. 2.2. Requirements for Koi aquaculture. P The basic needs of Koi farming. * Favourable Environment. * Capital. * Infrastructure. * Planning. * Skills. * Dedication. * Love for Koi. 2.3. Understanding the needs of Koi aquaculture. P Needs of the Koi vs Man vs Market. P The importance of the individual (koi). P Definition of quality. * Understanding quality. * Q=F(G*W*F). P Setting breeding goals. P Setting production/commercial goals. Part 2 The Production Process. 3. The Production Process Defining the process. 3.1. The ethics of Koi breeding. 3.2. The breeding process. 3.3. The process nomenclature. 4. Breeding. 4.1. Parent fish selection. 4.2. Spawning. 5. Rearing. 5.1. Fry rearing. 5.2. Mud ponds. 5.3. Harvesting. 5.4. Culling. 5.5. Grading. 5.6. On growing. 5.7. Product readiness. Part 3 Design and Construction of a Koi farm. . 6. Planning a Koi Farm. 6.1. Plan according to goals. P Breeding objectives. P Production objectives. P Commercial objectives. 7. Infrastructure requirements. 7.1. Hatchery. 7.2. Handling facilities. 7.3. Fry rearing ponds. 7.4. Grow-on ponds. 7.5. Holding and packing facilities. 7.6. Production bottlenecks. 7.7. It s a numbers game. 8. Water quality requirements. 8.1. Source water. 8.2. Filters and Filtration. P Physical. P Biological. 8.3. Sterilisation. P Chemical. P UV. P OzonationPart 4 Operating and Management of a Koi Farm. 9. Management. 9.1. Water quality. P Chemical. P Physical. 9.2. Ponds, dams and tanks. 9.3. Feeding. 9.4. Health & Disease Management. 9.5. Production Plan. 9.6. Breeding Plan. 9.7. Predators. P Insect predators. P Aerial predators. P Other animals including snakes and man. 9.8. Facilities. 9.9. People. P Healthy relationship. P Constant training. P Dignity and respect. 9.10. Monitoring. P System. P Water quality. P Breeding quality. P Product quality. P Business progress. 9.11. Record keeping. P Daily paperwork. P Environmental. P Health. P Mortalities. P Forms. P Computer. P Photographic. P Breeding. P Feeding. P Growth. 10. Marketing. 10.1. Positioning in the market. 10.2. Product Quality-Size value ratios. 10.3. Product range. 10.4. Product quality. 10.5. Product mix. 10.6. Developing a market. 11. Business plan & Profitability. 11.1. Sample production plan. 11.2. Sample business plan. 12. End Piece. 13. Reference material. 14. Conversion tables. 15. Glossary. 16. Index
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