Japan's policymaking strategy in foreign and defense affairs changed dramatically in 2001 after Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi took the helm of the long-ruling Liberal Democratic Party. Following a series of bland and short-lived prime ministers, Koizumi's infusion of fresh energy into a tired and opaque party has been compared with Tony Blair's successful revamping of New Labour in the U.K. Koizumi, however, had a weak power base in the party and limited diplomatic experience. How, then, was he able to exercise leadership?
Tomohito Shinoda analyzes the prime minister's role in policymaking, focusing on the assistance he receives from the Kantei, or Cabinet Secretariat, the Japanese equivalent of the American president's White House cabinet. Since 2001, the Japanese government's center of gravity for foreign policy has shifted from the traditionally dominant Ministry of Foreign Affairs to the Kantei, which allowed Koizumi to exercise a top-down style of decision-making.
Through case studies and personal interviews with former prime ministers and cabinet secretaries, Shinoda looks at how Koizumi's new system operates on a practical level - how, for example, major post-2001 anti-terrorism legislation has been initiated and prepared by the Kantei-and compares its successes and failures with those of the U.S. system. With frank and engaging commentary by former officials, this book makes a unique contribution to the understanding of contemporary Japanese political affairs.
Tomohito Shinoda is professor of international relations at the International University of Japan.
AcknowledgmentsA Note on ConventionsAbbreviations and Japanese Terms Introduction 1. The Roots of the Kantei Diplomacy2. A Traumatic Experience: From the Gulf Crisis to the International Peace Cooperation Legislation3. The Rise of Kantei4. Koizumi's Response to Terrorism: The 2001 Anti-Terrorism Legislation5. Preparing for a National Contingency: The 2003 Emergency Legislation6. Dispatching the SDF to Reconstruct Iraq: The 2003 Iraq Special Measures Legislation7. Evaluating Kantei Diplomacy NotesBibliographyIndex