Labor and Human Capital in the Middle East: Studies of Markets and Household Behavior

Labor and Human Capital in the Middle East: Studies of Markets and Household Behavior

By: Djavad Salehi-Isfahani (editor)Paperback

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This volume brings together empirical studies of labour markets in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). In recent years, governments in the MENA region have increasingly come to recognize human resource development as the driving force behind economic growth. They have, however, been hampered by a lack of empirical studies based on microeconomic data - the tools that are needed to formulate and evaluate sound policies. Calls for governments to improve education, create jobs, and equalize opportunities need to be strongly backed by empirical research. The studies in this book use modern techniques of microeconometrics to provide insights into the human resources problems facing MENA countries. Contained here are surveys on the performance of the markets for labour and human capital in the region, as well as in-depth studies of specific policy issues using micro data . The empirical chapters discuss family decision-making in fertility and human capital accumulation, returns to education, and the efficiency of labour markets. They help raise the level of policy debate in the areas of education, gender equity, population, and employment by providing a deeper understanding of the micro foundations of these policy debates, and by pointing out the extent to which individual and household decision-making determines the outcomes of public policy. It is hoped that this book will stimulate further research based on microeconomic data as well as demonstrate to policy makers and the statistical agencies of the region the value of strengthening the empirical foundation of an area of public policy that may well be crucial in shaping the region's economic and social development.

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About Author

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani is a Research Fellow and member of the Board of Trustees of the Economic Research Forum. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1977 and is now Professor of Economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.


Part I Surveys of Labor Market Conditions: Employment Experience in the Middle East and North Africa, Radwan A. Shaban, Ragui Assaad, Sulayman Al-Qudsi; Population, Labor, and the Employment Problem in Iran, Hamid Tabatabai, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani; Public Sector Employment and Labor Markets in Arab Countries - Recent Developments and Policy Implications, Mona Said; Economic Liberalization, Competitiveness, and Women's Employment in the Middle East and North Africa, Massoud Karshenas. Part II Empirical Studies of Labor Markets and Household Behavior: Temporary Labor Migration in Agricultural Households - Implications for Gender Differences in School Enrollment, Sadek Wahba; The Gender Gap in Education in Iran - Evidence for the Role of Household Characteristics, Djavad Salehi-Isfahani; Demand for Children and Human Capital - A Study of the Quantity-Quality Relationship of Children in Tunisia, Salma Zouari-Bouattour, Mohamed Siala; Wage Formation in the Construction Sector in Egypt, Ragui Assaad, Insan Tunali; Self-employment, Wage-employment, and Returns to Schooling by Gender in Turkey, Aysit Tansel; Returns to Education and Regional Earnings Differentials in Egypt, Jackline Wahba.

Product Details

  • publication date: 01/02/2002
  • ISBN13: 9780863722950
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 424
  • ID: 9780863722950
  • weight: 964
  • ISBN10: 0863722954

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