Lake Kinneret (Monographiae Biologicae 32)
By: Colette Serruya (editor)Hardback
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Fauna and flora oflakes are an integrative result of regional past history and present environmental factors. In the Lake Kinneret area where Prehistoric Man witnessed the last tectonic readj ustments of the Rift Valley, geological events do not belong only to the remote past but still strongly affect the lacustrine environment. It is therefore necessary to give a detailed picture of the regional background and limnological features of the lake (Parts I and II) before describing its planktic and benthic com- munities (Parts III and IV) and the Vertebrate fauna of the lake and its surroundings (Part V). The trophic relationships between communities are beyond the scope of a Monograph and have consequently not been studied in detail but only mentioned occasionally. It is intentional that Man and his penetration into the Kinneret area have been treated on a purely zoological basis. It underlines the fact that Man, as any other living organism, is part of the ecosystem and ruled by its laws and that his activities have an automatic feed back on his environment.
However, in contrast with other living organisms, Man is able to 'utilize' the lakes and their watersheds for his benefit if, by appropriate management, he minimizes the damaging influence of his activities. This is the main purpose of the research carried out presently on Lake Kinneret and its watershed and briefly described in Part VI.
A. Lake Kinneret: an old lake.- B. Lake Kinneret: a new role.- one: General background.- I Geography.- II Geology.- A. The general frame.- B. Stratigraphy of the lake area by H. Michelson.- C. Tectonics.- 1. The paleogeography of the Kinneret area based on the concept of tensional Rift Valley by H. Michelson.- 2. The concept of a sinistral megashear by R. Freund.- 3. Conclusion.- D. The quaternary evolution of the Jordan Valley by A. Horowitz.- III Meteorology.- A. History by G. Stanhill & J. Neumann.- B. The general meteorological background by J. Neumann & G. Stanhill.- C. Data concerning meteorological parameters measured on the lake or on the lake shores (solar radiation, air temperature, vapour pressure, barometric pressure and winds) by S. Serruya.- D. Precipitation by S. Rubin.- IV Hydrology.- A. The watershed by F. Mero.- B. The superficial waters by F. Mero.- C. The thermo-mineral springs by F. Mero.- D. The water balance by F. Mero.- V Mineral waters of the Kinneret basin and possible origin.- A. General features.- B. Chemical composition.- C. Comparison between Kinneret mineral waters and mineral waters in other sections of the Jordan-Dead Sea and the Suez Rift Valleys.- D. Origin of saline waters and mechanism of their upward movement.- E. Conclusions.- two: The Lacustrine environment.- I General background.- A. Names of the Lake.- B. Location.- C. Morphometric characteristics.- D. Bathymetry.- E. Shores.- F. Deltas of rivers.- G. Water levels.- H. Man-made modifications in the lake vicinity.- II Physical environment.- A. Light penetration by T. Berman.- B. Water temperature by S. Serruya.- C. Water motions by S. Serruya.- D. Energy balance and evaporation by G. Stanhill & J. Neumann.- III The Chemical environment.- A. History.- B. Water chemistry by C. Serruya.- C. Sediment chemistry by C. Serruya.- three: The Planktic community.- I Phytoplankton.- A. The algal population.- 1. The algae of River Jordan by U. Pollingher.- 2. The phytoplankton of Lake Kinneret by U. Pollingher.- 3. The annual pattern of algal succession by U. Pollingher.- 4. Biomass and chlorophyll by U. Pollingher & T. Berman.- 5. Productivity and efficiency of light utilization by T. Berman.- B. Peridinium cinctum fa westii (Lemm.) Lef..- 1. Morphology and systematics by U. Pollingher.- 2. General biochemical features by T. Berman.- 3. Life cycle by U. Pollingher.- 4. Growth characteristics by W. Rodhe.- 5. Growth pattern in the lake by U. Pollingher & C. Serruya.- 6. Spatial distribution of Peridinium by T. Berman.- II Zooplankton.- A. History.- B. The Zooplankton population.- 1. The Zooplankton of Lake Kinneret.- 2. The Zooplankton of River Jordan.- 3. Biomass of Zooplankton in the lake.- C. Mesocyclops leuckarti (Claus).- 1. General data.- 2. Feeding habits.- 3. Metabolic rates.- 4. Development rates.- 5. Seasonal fluctuations of the various stages of Mesocyclops leuckarti in Lake Kinneret.- 6. Productivity and P: B ratio.- D. Ceriodaphnia reticulata (Jurine).- 1. General data.- 2. Feeding habits.- 3. Metabolic rates and body size.- III Bacteria.- A. Bacteria of the nitrogen cycle.- B. Photosynthetic sulfur bacteria.- four: The benthic community.- History.- I The benthic algae.- II The benthic faun.- A. Protozoa.- B. Porifera.- C. Coelenterata.- D. Turbellaria.- E. Trematoda.- F. Nemertea.- G. Nematoda.- H. Bryozoa.- I. Oligochaeta.- J. Hirudinea.- K. Crustacea.- 1. Cladocera.- 2. Copepoda.- 3. Ostracoda.- 4. Amphipoda.- 5. Isopoda.- 6. Decapoda.- L. Typhlocaris galilea by M. Tsurnamal.- M. Insects.- 1. General by J. Kugler.- 2. Chironomidae and Trichoptera by J. Kugler.- 3. Mosquitoes by C. Serruya.- N. Hydracarina by C. Serruya.- O. Mollusca by C. Serruya.- III Vertical distribution of benthic fauna.- IV Biomass of benthic organisms.- five: Vertebrata.- I Fishes.- II Amphibians.- III Reptiles.- IV Birds.- V Mammals.- VI Man.- VII The origin of the Kinneret fauna.- six: History of research, present and future developments.- History of research.- Kinneret Limnological Laboratory.- The Kinneret Authority.- Taxonomic index.- General index.
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- ID: 9789061930853
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