Land Degradation in the Mediterranean Environments of the World: Nature and Extent, Causes and Solutions

Land Degradation in the Mediterranean Environments of the World: Nature and Extent, Causes and Solutions

By: Arthur Conacher (editor), Maria Sala (editor)Hardback

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Description

Written by specialist and regional contributors, this invaluable book provides an integrated, up--to--date, geographical assessment of land degradation in the worlda s Mediterranean regions. Land degradation is the alteration of the natural (or biophysical) environment by human actions, causing detrimental effects to the vegetation, soils, landforms, water and ecosystems. Part One of this book comprises a brief geography of the Mediterranean climate regions -- the Mediterranean basin, California, central Chile, the Southwest Cape and Southern Australia, providing a context for Parts Two and Three. The second section discusses the nature, extent, history, causes and implications of land degradation in the regions. Major problems include soil, vegetation and water degradation, fire, drought, flooding and sedimentation. Historical and contemporary human responses to these problems are also considered and at times become part of the problem. Solutions -- actual and potential -- are evaluated in the third section and include those dealing with animals, cultivation, horticulture, engineering--type practices, agroforestry, whole farm planning, integrated catchment management and regional planning. Throughout there is an emphasis on the distinctive nature of the Mediterranean--type environments -- especially the seasonally, hot, dry climates, the species--rich and highly inflammable vegetation, steep topography and coastal orientations -- and the ways in which these environments interact with human populations with their contrasting histories and cultures to result in a special set of environmental problems and response.

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About Author

Arthur J. ConacherUniversity of Western Australia, Australia and Maria Sala University of Barcelona, Spain

Contents

THE NATURE OF THE WORLDa S MEDITERRANEAN--TYPE ENVIRONMENTS Iberian Peninsul and Balearic Islands The South of France and Corsica Italy The Croatian Adriatic Coast Greece The Eastern Mediterranean North Africa Greater California Chile The Southwestern Cape of South Africa Southern Australia PROBLEMS OF LAND DEGRADATION Introduction The Main Problems of Land Degradation: Their Nature, Extent and Severity: 1. Erosion and Soil Deterioration, Flooding, Vegetation Loss and Degradation The Main Problems of Land Degradation: Their Nature, Extent and Severity: 2. Drought, Water Shortages, and Water Quality, and other Forms of Degradation The Historical Development of Land Degradation in the Mediterranean World The Causes of Land Degradation 1. The Nature of the Biophysical Environment The Causes of Land Degradation 2. Vegetation Clearing and Agricultural Practices The Causes of Land Degradation 3. Other Human Actions Some Broader Implications of Land Degradation SOLUTIONS TO LAND DEGRADATION Introduction Solutions dealing with Animals, Cultivation and Horticultural Practices Technical Solutions Vegetation--Related Solutions Economic, Social, Agency and Policy Solutions. 1. The Mediterranean Basin Economic, Social, Agency and Policy Solutions 2. The New World Summary and Conclusions

Product Details

  • publication date: 23/04/1998
  • ISBN13: 9780471963172
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 520
  • ID: 9780471963172
  • weight: 1244
  • ISBN10: 0471963178

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  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
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