The keystone of political and economic reform in both Tsarist and post-Soviet Russia has been the transferral to private ownership of property previously held by either the state or in collective ownership. These reforms, through the provision of property rights, have adhered to a common aim, to stimulate individual economic activity and support the process of political reconstruction. The author explores the ideological and institutional conflict surrounding the development and role of property, the focus being placed upon the legislative provisions implemented to promote the private ownership of land. He illustrates how this conflict over the relationship between the individual and the collective, the state and the national economy, has provided both the continuity and change that characterise the social and political development of the 20th century. The overall approach emphasises why the study of legal change must recognize the inter-dependency between legal reform and the culture within which the reform is enacted.
Introduction: The Basis for Comparison 1. Rethinking Reform: Property, Law and the State 2. Legislating for Change: Political Conflict and Legal Uncertainty 3. Property, Private Rights and Civil Law 4. Separating title: Personal Rights and Collective Obligations 5. Rights as Rhetoric: An Absence of Procedure and Participation 6. Social Welfare, Social Justice and Social Control: Property as a Distributive Mechanism 7. Privatisation and De-Statisation: The Problem of Codifying Legal Change Glossary Bibliography